People and Culture

Historical Facts

20th Century

In December 1923 Britain and Nepal formally signed a "treaty of perpetual peace and friendship" superseding the Sugauli Treaty of 1816 and upgrading the British resident in Kathmandu to an envoy. Slavery was abolished in Nepal in 1924

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Civil War

In February 1996, the Communist Party of Nepal started a bid to replace the parliamentary monarchy with a people's new democratic republic, through a Maoist revolutionary strategy known as the people's war, which led to the Nepalese Civil War.

Mount Everest

Sir Edmund Hillary was the first man to reach the summit of Everest. He spent only about 15 minutes there.
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Cultural Facts


The estimate of the population of Nepal according to the July 2007 census was 28,901,790.
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Ethnic Groups

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Nepali is the official language but there are over 120 different languages spoken.


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Literacy Rate

The total adult literacy rate is 57.4%.

Important Health Statistics

87.6% of people have improved drinking water sources.

44.9% of the population gets routine EPI vaccines financed by government.

Adult HIV prevalence is 0.3%.

Daily Life and Cuisine


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The total number of students enrolled in school is 6,373,003.
The national budget is $98.64 million.
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