Native Americans of North America

Anasazi, Adena, Hopewell, Mississipians


These people built homes of adobe and stone, and lived near, or against cliffs, and large plazas. They had built a type of water system out of dams, ditches, and canals to trap water and flow to their gardens, or crops. Roads made a path for trade, and most was jewelry, woven baskets, and pottery were imported and exported from Pueblo Bonito. Pueblo Bonito was located in Chaco Canyon, where more than a thousand people lived.


In 700 BC, the Adena lived in the region of Ohio Valley. They grew sunflowers, barley, squash, and gourds. Adena produce many beautiful pieces of jewelry and pottery. They also had an elaborate way of burial, using wood and piles of earth.


The Hopewell also lived in The Ohio Valley region, but at 300 BC. Hopewell, just like Adena, built mounds. Hopewell's mounds could be 40 feet in elevation, and 100 feet in width. This got them the name "Mound Builders", which the Adena tribe was called. The Hopewell had an extensive trade route, which is suggested by the artifacts found.


They lived in the Mississippi Valley by 800 AD. The population increased greatly because of the plants they used for food. When the number of population increased too much, they had to get more land. With more land, this caused numerous cities to pop up that could have 10,000 people. Cahokia had the largest city, and had a giant mound. This mound was 100 feet in elevation and the base was greater than 14 acres, and surrounding it was 120 smaller mounds. In the 1300s AD most of these Mississippi civilization collapsed.