Deviance & Social Control
What Is Deviance And Why Does It Occur?
Day 34 - Objective: We will analyze why people deviate. Closing: I will add my thoughts at the end of the presentation.
Behavior that departs from societal or group norms.
behavior that underconforms to accepted norms.
behavior that over-conforms to social expectations.
ways to encourage conformity to society's norms.
a person who breaks significant societal or group norms.
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Why does deviance occur?
Deviance Can Be Learned Through Association
Differential association theory - primary groups can transmit deviance
- A person who knows mostly deviants is more likely to become one.
- A person is more likely to copy deviant behavior from someone significant to him or her.
- Younger children learn deviant behavior more quickly than older children.
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Strain Theory (adapted from Durkheim's Anomie concept)
the theory that deviance is more likely to occur when a gap (money/prestige) exists between cultural goals and the ability to achieve them.
Responses to Strain:
REJECTS Goal - Goes through the motions!
REJECTS Goals AND turns away! *Drug Addicts, homeless, skid-row alcoholics, drop outs*
REJECTS goals - Makes up a NEW set of GOALS and MEANS to achieve them! *Violence, Violations, Counterfeit money - gangs*
Labeling Theory (Howard Becker, pioneer of the theory)
Society creates deviance by identifying particular members as deviant.
- We might label or identify one person engaging in certain behavior as deviant, but NOT label someone else engaging in exactly the same behavior.
- Deviance exists when some members of a group label others as deviant.
I Am NOT Black, You are NOT White.