Martin Luther King Jr.

By: Leah Berzak

Introduction

Martin Luther King was a very strong man. He stood up for black people and took risks. One risk he took was to be free. He was sick of slavery so one day he made a famous speech, "I have a dream." One line from that speech is, "I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character."

Growing up

Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 in his maternal grandparents’ large Victorian house on Auburn Avenue in Atlanta, Georgia. He was the second of three children, and was first named Michael, after his father. Both changed their names to Martin when the boy was still young. His paternal grandfather, James Albert King, had been a sharecropper near the small town of Stockbridge, Georgia, outside Atlanta. Like most sharecroppers, I had worked hard and earned little. King, Sr. was the second of ten children. He had left Stockbridge for Atlanta at the age of sixteen, with nothing but a sixth-grade education and a pair of shoes. In Atlanta I worked odd jobs and studied, and slowly developed a reputation as a preacher. While preaching at two small churches outside of Atlanta, he met Alberta Christine Williams, his future wife, and King, Jr.’s mother. She was a graduate of Atlanta’s Spelman College, had attended the Hampton Institute in Virginia, and had returned to Atlanta to teach. Her father, the Reverend Adam Daniel Williams, presided over Atlanta’s well-established Ebenezer Baptist Church.

Why is he famous?


Martin Luther King is famous because he stood up for people that had different color skin than others. He believe all people should be treated the right way and not be judged be the color of their skin, but to be judged of who they are. Imagine you had to drink out of different water fountains just because of your skin color isn't that crazy!

Obstacles

Martin Luther King Jr. faced a problem which involved segregation, this is because he was against the separation of the whites and blacks. He got arrested and sent to prison for demonstrating against segregation in Birmingham, Alabama. My major achievements of what I did was convincing President Kennedy to introduce the civil rights act into Congress and the Montgomery Bus Boycott. I also became the second black man to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. I overcame my problem by making my famous speech called, “I have a dream.” He did get what he wanted, freedom for blacks.

Characteristics

(P.g 4 the book states, “In Washington, people, both young and old and black and white, came to the city.”) Martin Luther King had patience. It wasn't one speech that put an end to segregation in the United States. It wasn't one march, one demonstration, one sit-in. It was multiple attempts on various accounts that finally got the message out there. Martin Luther King, Jr. had to have patience throughout this time if he truly wanted to succeed. He knew that things would·n’t change overnight and you need to know this, too. Be patient with your startup—let it grow in increments each and every day. You will achieve your dream, it just takes time to get there.

Martin Luther King had strong feelings because on p.g 12 the book states, “In 1963, America seemed to be split into two different countries.” I think this because when Martin Luther King made his speech, “I have a Dream” Martin Luther king seemed to let out all his strong feelings.

Quote

“Darkness cannot drive out darkness: only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate: only love can do that.” I think this means only love can defeat hate, the same way that only light can defeat darkness. You can’t fight negativity with more negativity; you must fight negativity with positivity.

Let freedom ring

"I have a Dream"

But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. And so, we've come to cash this check, a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice.