Ninth Amendment

By: Idriana Calhoun

Amendment Straight From Constitution

The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

Historical Background of The Amendment

-Submitted by Congress to the states on September 25,1789.

- Ratified by the required three-fourths of the states (11 of 14) on December 15, 1791.

-written to address worry of not being able to change or add to the Bill of Rights.

Meaning of The Amendment

The Bill of Rights will never be completed; more amendments can be added if they are ratified by states. In other words, the amendment states that the Bill of Rights should in no way be considered a complete list of the people's rights.

Supreme Court Case

Roe V. Wade 1973

reasons for going to court:

Women were being denied the right to choose if they wanted abortion or not, In states across America abortion was illegal. Sometimes, there were illegal abortions that caused illness and death. Some women chose to go out of the country to get a safe, legal abortion, but most were too poor to go to another country. A group of women got together and found two Lawyers that were willing to try to legalize abortion and they found a women, Norma McCorvey, who was pregnant with her second child at the time, but couldn't afford to care for her, to stand for all the others. For privacy, she was known as Jane Roe.

Court's Decision and its rationale:

On January 22, 1973, Justice Harry Blackman announced the decision. It explained the trimester system that allowed abortion for any woman in the first three months. In the second three months, states could make rules that might limit abortion. After the second three months, certain restrictions could be made and states would also have the opinion of making abortion illegal in the final trimester. This was decided because at least 64% of Americans wanted abortion legalized.

Big image

Citation for Supreme Court Case

Payment, Simone. Roe v. Wade: The Right to Choose. New York: Rosen Pub. Group, 2004. Print.