Samuel De Champlain

By: Seher

Introduction

Hello everybody, today we will be talking about Samuel De Champlain "The Father Of New France". I hope you like my presentation and enjoy it.

Who Is Samuel De Champlain?

Samuel De Champlain was an explorer who explored and found Quebec City. Samuel de Champlain was a French navigator, cartographer, draughtsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, chronicler, colonial administrator and of course "The Father Of New France. By hearing this, you probably know he's a multi-talented person. He was born in August the 13 of 1574 in Hiers Brouage, France. He died on 25 December 1635 in Québec City. Champlain played a major role in finding New France from 1603 to 1635. He explored the Atlantic coastline in Acadia, the Canadian interior, the Great Lakes region, and he established a friendly relation with the Aboriginal enemies of the Iroquois. Champlain participated in the foundation of French colonies in Acadia, at Québec and at Trois-Rivières. For many years, he remained the chief person responsible for administrating the colony of Québec. Champlain published four books as well as several maps of North America.

Journals

Samuel De Champlain used to write journal's about his settlements, new forts, voyages and much more. He also published 4 books and a map of Quebec.

Culture

Samuel De Champlain was Protestant or Catholic. Champlain did not write anything about his religion in his journals. There is not a clear answer to his religion but few have discovered that the reason of him being Protestant or Catholic is because Samuel's family was from Brouage. Back that time, Brouage was a Catholic city with a Protestant region.

Early Life and Career

In Champlain's early life, he used to go on sea voyages with his father. His Uncle also helped him become a geographer. Slowly, when Champlain traveled to French Ports he learned a lot about North America and that's where his interest began.

Settlement In Quebec

In 1608, Champlain wanted to start a new French colony on the shores of the St. Lawrence River. The small group of male settlers arrived at the Tadoussac Tribe. Because there was danger at the end of the Saguenay River, they left their boats behind and continued up "The Big River" in small boats. On July 3, 1608. Champlain and his men landed at the point of Quebec. From then the journey began.

Family

Etienne Brule

Before I get to Champlain's Voyages, I'd like to talk about another explorer who was with Champlain for a while. He was Champlain's closes friend. He was like a son to Champlain. His name is Étienne Brûlé. Étienne Brûlé was the first European explorer to explore beyond the St. Lawrence River. Samuel De Champlain was a guide for Étienne Brûlé. Champlain, who later sent Brûlé on a number of exploratory missions. Among his many travels were explorations of Georgian Bay, as well as the Lake Huron. In 1629, during the French War, he betrayed his friend and patron. Not long after, Brûlé was killed by the Bear tribe of the Huron people.

Samuel De Champlain's Voyages And Life

1 January 1570


Champlain as a child, grew up by the sea, his father was a sea captain along with his grandfather. Champlain learned how to navigate and sail at a very young age, this talent would be able to achieve his goals in the years that are coming.

2 July 1599


Champlain navigates with his uncle in the Caribbean and visits a few ports of New Spain. His Uncle was a geographer at that time. In his later years, Champlain became a geographer.

26 May 1603

This is when Champlain starts his journey. Champlain visits the new world. He travels down the St. Lawrence River and then he visits the native villages and attends their ceremonies. He also follows some of their customs. He begins to establish a good relationship with the aboriginals.

1 August 1605

Champlain establishes a settlement in Port-Royal, where he explores the Atlantic coast all the way to Cape Cod. Port Royal was his first settlement in all New France. Port Royal was a somewhat good place to establish a settlement. There was fresh water, and fire woods. Champlain later left Port Royal because of the trading monopoly that he could not control.

1 Decemeber 1605

Champlain and his men fought hard through the long, bitter and freezing cold winter. Not to mention, most of his men died of because of scurvy. Champlain need help and had to re-grow his fort.

1 January 1608

Two colonists die of dysentery and ten more because of scurvy. The hunting and fishing season had not gone so well, and the local Aboriginal tribes were suffering from severe hunger.

1 June 1609

Champlain leaves the Hurons and Montagnais to explore more of the surrounding areas. He went off to the South and he discovers a lake and names it "Lake Champlain." He will only get to visit this lake once because Champlain will make enemies with the tribes in that area.

29 July 1609

Champlain proves his loyalty to his Aboriginal allies by taking on the Mohawk (an Iroquois tribe.) This was an unfair fight because Champlain and his men carried a weapon called arquebus, and a firearm. Champlain shot all three chiefs with this weapon. The Mohawk fled the battle scene, they were no longer able to carry on because of their three dead chiefs. The Mohawk were now official enemies of French.

1 April 1610

In the church of Saint-Germain-l'Auxerrois in France, Champlain marries Hélène Boullé. At the time, he was in his mid-thirties, and Hélène Boullé had just turned 12. He later brings her to New France where she stays for a period of time.

1 May 1610

In 1610, Champlain arranged Étienne Brûlé to stay with some Wendat people (He wanted him to become a coureur de bois. Étienne Brûlé was only a teenager then. Champlain wanted him to learn the Wendat language, culture and customs. This was also building on the relationship with the aboriginals. He explored many areas that the French did not know about. He was likely the first European to ever see the great lakes.

29 May 1610

The "Trading Post Company" was going well, but then the Tadoussac Tribe noticed that the Algonquin weren't coming. Then the Tadoussac Tribe found out about "The Trading Post" so they decided to kill Champlain. When Champlain found out about the Tadoussac plan, Samuel killed them first by hanging Lake Smith who planned all that out.

1 November 1610

In 1610, Champlain made a map of Quebec. He was the first European to make a map of Quebec. Later, Champlain became the royal geographer on French expeditions to what is now Canada.

29 MARCH 1612


Champlain names Sainte-Hélène Island after his wife named Hélène Boullé. In my opinion, how nice and lovely. I have never heard such a sweet thing.

1 August 1615

Samuel de Champlain spends the winter in Huronie. He builds on his relationship with the aboriginals, gaining their trust. This takes a while but Champlain try's his best to get their interest.

1 Nov 1619

Samuel de Champlain publishes a book on his travels in Huronie.

29 March 1620


The population in the new fort (in Quebec) grew very slowly. After 20 years of working hard to improve the fort and getting more inhabitants, the Quebec colony had only about 100 European people. This included missionaries, coureur de bois (runner of the woods), fur trade clerks and about 20 families of settlers. Quebec was a "natural settlement", it had fresh water, good soil, and was protected by a cliff.

1 April 1622

In 1622 Champlain brought his 22 year old wife Hélène Boullé to the small fort. She did not like the life her husband had lived in New France. She later returned to France after four years of staying there. She returned to France and became a nun, and stayed in that convent for the rest of her life.

1 April 1624


In 1624 the new fort in Quebec had less than 60 people. It was not doing so well. This time Samuel need help.

1 July 1627

Champlain surrenders the fort to the British in 1627. The cardinal de Richelieu made the Compagnie des Cent-Associés, with the goal to bring new colonists to Nouvelle-France. Soon afterwards, a few hundred colonists left for the New France. But the boats were then attacked by the Kirke brothers who then attacked Québec. They threatened Champlain but eventually with no other choice Champlain had to leave. Québec was English for three years.

1 April 1632

When Champlain returned to France, Champlain learned that when the men were taking over Québec, it actually took place after the end of the war between England and France. Champlain went all the way to London to ask for the help of the French ambassador to save the young colony, Quebec. Québec was finally restored to France in 1632.

25 December 1635

On December 25th Samuel De Champlain passed away because of a stroke. He was a great man and he is Important. He is important because now in days few things would be different.

Fun Facts

From 1601 to 1603, Champlain was a geographer for King Henry IV and then he joined François Grave Du Pont. The Group sailed to The St. Lawrence River and explored Gaspe Peninsula
Champlain published 4 books and was the first European explorer to make a map of Quebec.

Memorials

There are things named after Champlain's name because of what he had done. For an example Lake Champlain, Champlain Sea, Champlain Bridge, Samuel De Champlain Provincial Park and much more.

Conclusion

Samuel De Champlain was a multi-talented person. He is really important to history and he is "The Father Of New France". Thank you so much for listening so quietly to my presentation. I hope you learned a lot about Samuel De Champlain and I hope you liked my project. Thanks a lot!