What are estuaries and why are they important?
An estuary is any place where freshwater joins and mixes with saltwater. Estuaries help control erosion and reduce flooding on the mainland. Also, estuaries produce 3/4th of commercially caught fish. Commercial fishing is important to the national economy and the food supply.
The Croatan Sound is a channel between the Albemarle sound and the Pamlico Sound. It is fed by many of Albemarle's smaller streams.
Black Sea Bass
Life in the estuary
Animals: Oysters, clams, stone crabs, grassfish, black sea bass
Plants: pine trees, cypress trees, maple trees
Causes of habitat loss within NC estuaries
- Polluted runoff from Suburban, urban, and rural areas
- Bulldozing and Paving
- Sewage discharge
- Oil spills