Hvað er list?
Þessi spurning kemur oft upp, og með mörgum svörum. Margir halda því fram að (list get ekki verið skilgreynt) ekki sé hægt að skilgreina list. Við gætum tekið á því á ýmsa vegu. List er oft talin vera ferli eða afurð þess þegar efnisatriðun er raðað upp með fyrirfram ákveðnum hætti þannig að þau höfðu til skynfæra eða tilfinninga. Þetta inniheldur alla þætti mannlegrar hegðunar, sköpunar og tjáningar þ.m.t tónlist, bókmenntir, kvikmyndir, höggmyndalist og málverk. List merking er skoðað í útibúi heimspeki kallast fagurfræði. Að minnsta kosti Wikipedia segir það.
List er almennt skilið sem starfsemi eða vöru sem unnin eru af fólki með tjáskiptum eða fagurfræðilegu tilgangi- eitthvað sem tjá hugmynd, tilfinning eða heimsýn.
Það er hluti af menningu, sem endurspeglar efnahagslega og félagslega undirlag í hönnun. Það sendir hugmyndir og gildi sem felast í hvert menningu yfir tíma og rúm. Hlutverk hennar breytist með tímanum,eignast meira af fagurfræðilegu hluti hér og félags-námi virka þar. Allt sem við höfum sagt svo langt hefir þætti af sannleika en en er aðallega bara skoðun. Samkvæmt Wikipedia, „Sagnfræðingar og heimspekingar hafa lengi reyna að skilgreininga deiluatriði list um hvort tiltekin menningar formstykki af vinnu ætti að vera flokkuð sem list.“
Skilgreining af listi er opin, huglæg, umdeilanlegt. Það er ekkert samningur á milli sagnfræðinga og listamanna, sem er ástæðan þess að við erum skilið með svo mörgum skilgreiningum á listi. Hugtakið sjálft hefur breytt í gegnum tíðina.
Hugtakið heldur áfram að vekja deilur, vera svo opinn við margra túlkunum. Það er hægt einfaldlega að þýða þetta sem mannavöld, eða setja af reglum sem þarf til að þróa starfsemi. Þetta myndi alhæfa hugmyndina sem venjulega skilið sem listgreina til að fela fræðilegum svæði.
What is art?
This question pops up often, and with many answers. Many argue that art cannot be defined. We could go about this in several ways. Art is often considered the process or product of deliberately arranging elements in a way that appeals to the senses or emotions. It encompasses a diverse range of human activities, creations and ways of expression, including music, literature, film, sculpture and paintings. The meaning of art is explored in a branch of philosophy known as aesthetics. At least, that’s what Wikipedia claims.
Art is generally understood as any activity or product done by people with a communicative or aesthetic purpose—something that expresses an idea, an emotion or, more generally, a world view.
It is a component of culture, reflecting economic and social substrates in its design. It transmits ideas and values inherent in every culture across space and time. Its role changes through time, acquiring more of an aesthetic component here and a socio-educational function there.
Everything we’ve said so far has elements of truth but is mainly opinion. According to Wikipedia, “Art historians and philosophers of art have long had classificatory disputes about art regarding whether a particular cultural form or piece of work should be classified as art.”
The definition of art is open, subjective, debatable. There is no agreement among historians and artists, which is why we’re left with so many definitions of art. The concept itself has changed over centuries.
The very notion of art continues today to stir controversy, being so open to multiple interpretations. It can be taken simply to mean any human activity, or any set of rules needed to develop an activity. This would generalize the concept beyond what is normally understood as the fine arts, now broadened to encompass academic areas.
I chose this text because I thought it was interesting, I heard this question quite often and I wanted to work with something that is interesting for me. I wanted to see what specialists have to say about this topic and if I can learn something new from it. My icelandic teacher helped me a little bit with this translation, but when I was alone I used dictionary. At home I have only english- polish and polish- icelandic dictionary so I just used them.
Teresa Adamowska is an artist, she teaches at art school and works with many famous artists.
Almost all of her art are paintings and her art can be often seen in many art galleries. I choose Teresa Adamowska because she is one of the most successful and famous artist from my hometown. I really like her style and her paintings I even went to time see her paintings in the gallery but I never got to meet her. She is one of the best teachers at art school in my hometown and I always wanted to go to that school when I was younger so I thought this assignment was a great apportunity for me to get to know her and talk to an successful artist. I thought that I could learn something from her. She is really an intelligent and inspiring person and I’m glad that I got to talk to her and do this interview.
1. When did you become interested in art?
2. How did you start your career as an artist?
3. What is more fascinating for you: working with young artist or painting?
4. Did you knew from the beginning that you wanted to be an art teacher or was there something that happened in your life that made you go in this direction?
5. Did your family supported you when they found out about you going an art school?
6. How does it feel like to have your paintings shown at a gallery for the first time?
7. Where does your inspiration come from?
8. Do you have any advice for aspiring artists?
Teresa Adamowska is an polish artist who sold many paintings and teaches at art school in Poland. She was interested in art and especially in painting since she was a child. First books that she was impressed by were prewar calendars illustrated with graphic black- white prints. Pictures hanging in church also attracted her attention. She analysed the form-the way it was painted rather that what was the actual content of the paintings. She never thought about her career as a work,as she said "she does something what she really loves". For her, life and work are inseparable. After graduation she begun to make her own decisions and choices. She knew what she wanted to do without a doubt, so she started to working in school with young artist. For her teaching is very inspiring. Young people bring some kind of freshness to her art, because of them she can return to her own youth and see the world by their eyes. The experiances in school somehow complement her art, everything exsists as a “kind of unity”. From the beginning she was totally sure of her decision and it gave her more joy and satisfaction to see her dreams come true, but her closest family wasn´t so happy about her going to art school away from home. Teresa’s mother and father had reservations about her future as an art teacher. Their prejudice was caused by an idea that many young artist live in abject poverty. She went to school anyway and graduated with great grades. Her first exhibition, which was kind of exposure for her, was full of fear for criticism. Paintings seemed different in privacy of a studio, and completely different in the gallery, for everyone to see. Her inspiration come from people, landscapes, from the observation of life and her feelings, that´s why when I asked her for advice for young artists she said that artists have to look at the world in different ways, have to be sensitive to different aspects of live, never be indifferent. And if the painting doesn´t come out the way you wanted to you shouldn´t be discouraged, just set it aside and return to it after some time, never fear trying new tools or techniques you never will never know if you never try and never give up on your dreams.
Summaries from Ted.com
In this video a journalist talks about what she does when she goes to an art gallery and how she comes up with an ideas about the paiting and imagies stories behind them. She looks at them and tries to think what could happened that made the model at the painting look in certain way at the artist or why men at the painting isn´t happy. It's in a human nature to come up with stories and many think that this can help to birng order to life. Tracy comes with original ideas about stories behind famous paintings,
I chose this video because the title was really interesting, I never thought about the stories behind the paintings and I choose this video thinking that I could actually learn something about it.
This video shows how important art and humor is, and how laugh can bring people from different countires together.Women from the young age are told by the older generetion and society how they supposed to look, behave and think. In this vide cartoonist says how she found herself by drawing and makes people think how we can change our society (women especially) by adding just a little bit humor in our lifes and stop being so hard on ourselves. She says from her experince that just a change of perspective in our lifes can have a huge inpact on us, and we don´t have to always follow the rules to fit in and be happy in our own skin.I chose this video because it seemed to be really optimistic and full of humor, but what made me interested the most was how women could change the rules by adding humor to it and it was really surprising how easy that was.
Elizabeth Gilbert -an famous author talks about an idea that every artist isn´t a genius but has his own personal “ genius” instead, some kind of ghost or a spirit that gives them inspiration. We have come to accept the idea that every great artist has a breaking point in their lives and creativity and suffering are somehow connected together. Every artist worst fear is to never be successful or having their greatest success already behind them, They have to live in anxiety to reaction to they own work, that's why creative people have a reputation for being physicaly unstable. Elisabeth shows in this video that it doesn’t have to be that way.
I have read a book by Elisabeth Gilbert so I was really excited to see what did she meant by the “Your elusive creative genius” title. It´s an subject that I really like so I chose this video because an idea behind it was really interesting and I have never heard something like that before.