Mobilization

By: Josh Keeton

Mobilization of the Armed Forces

General George Marshall calls for a women's corps in the United States military. The Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC) is created. Thousands of women enlist in the WAAC, enough to drop the "Auxiliary" from the WAAC's name. The WAAC reverted to the WAC and earned full military benefits because of this.

Mobilization of Factories

Liberty ships were large, sturdy merchant ships that carried supplies or ships. The time it took to build ships was about 200 days. Henry Kaiser mobilized the shipbuilding factories by cutting the time it took to build a ship from 200 days to 40 days. Factories during World War II also converted from civilian production to war production, which made production much faster.

People

Mobilization of the Workforce

18 million workers were involved in the war industries. About 1/3 of these workers were women, and about 2 million more of these workers were minorities. Although these minorities faced discrimination at first, other people fought for equal treatment for them. President Roosevelt forbade discrimination against minorities of the workforce due to a march on Washington D.C., organized by A. Philip Randolph, head of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.