By Zach Hanson
Red and pink=intensively used (though not necessarily producing maximum yields).
Orange areas=large-scale farming, but little investment in machinery and fertilizers.
Blue=occupied by reindeer production.
Overall, agriculture in Western Russia is sustainable in the fact that it includes poly-cultures and crop rotation to keep soil sustainable and fertile. However, increasing use of fertilizers is leading to large amounts of runoff which is not sustainable. In order to counteract such problems, European Russia should look to GMOs to decrease the need for artificial fertilizers. In addition, European Russia should look for more variety in crops. Even though they use a good system of rotation, wheat and barley dominate the agricultural industry and only a few other crops make up a significant percentage of production. European Russia is on the right track by turning to smaller, private farms, but they could accelerate the process by subsidizing smaller farms, making it easier for the to compete with the larger commercial farms.