Layers of the earth

Crust,Mantle,Outercore and Innercore

Mr. Lee - Layers of the Earth rap


CRUST What comes to mind when you think of the word crust? Perhaps it is the time old saying," Eat your crust!" The earth's crust is a little different then the crust on a piece of bread. It is not soft and chewy, but it hard and composed of different minerals. The thin, outermost layer of the earth is called the crust. It makes up only one percent of the earth's mass. The continental crust is thicker than the oceanic crust. It can range from 25 km thick at the edges to 70 km thick near the center. The oceanic crust on the other hand is only about 7 km thick and considerably more dense. The crust and the uppermost part of the mantle make up the lithosphere, a solid region that is broken into plates. It is about 65 to 100 km thick.


MANTLEThe mantle is the layer below the crust. It makes up almost two thirds of the earth and aposs mass and is about 2900 km thick. The mantel is divided into two regions, the upper and lower sections. Directly below the upper section is the asthenosphere. Heat and pressure cause a small amount of melting to occur in the asthenosphere. While still solid, the asthenosphere is able to flow. The ability of a solid to flow is called plastic

Outer core

Traveling still deeper within the Earth, we next would encounter the Earth’s outer core, which extends to a depth of around 3000 mile (4828km) beneath the surface. It is believed that this outer core is made up of super-heated liquid molten lava. This lava is believed to be mostly iron and nickel

Inner core

Finally, we would reach the Earth’s inner core. The inner core extends another 900 miles (1448km) toward the center of the Earth. It is believed that this inner core is a solid ball of mostly iron and nickel.