Netherlands

european countries

The Government Type

Heredity monarchy


Leader and Title

Willem Alexander


Limited or unlimited

Limited


European Union member

yes


Historical political event

There was a conflict between the Organists and the Patriots. A pro-French Batavian Republic was established in 1795–1806, which became a French satellite state, the Kingdom of Holland (1806–1810), and later simply a French imperial province.

ð After a collapse of the French Empire in 1813, an expanded "United Kingdom of the Netherlands" was created with the House of Orange as monarchs, also ruling Belgium and Luxembourg. Belgium revolted in 1830 and by 1839 new borders had been agreed, dividing the Netherlands into the three countries in the region today. Later, in the 1848 constitution the country became a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch. Modern Luxembourg initially remained united with the Netherlands, but today is ruled by a separate branch of the Dutch royal family.


Historical monument

Koninklijk Paleis (Royal Palace), Beurs van Berlage, Engelse Kerk (English Church) and thousands of more!


A Person who changed history and how

Many inventors were Dutch, including Hans Lippershey, Hans Janssen, and his son Zacharias Janssen the inventors of the microscope and the telescope, and the incubator.


Population

ð 16,805,037


% arable land

57.7%


Agriculture

More than 27% of the total land area of the Netherlands is under seasonal or permanent crop production. Grasslands account for about 54% of all agricultural lands. Most farms are effectively managed and worked intensively, and although agricultural production has decreased in recent years, labor productivity in Dutch agricultural and horticultural industries has risen sharply.


Example of Human Environment Interaction

ð Netherlands use dams and dikes to claim polderlands from the North Sea; United States (New Orleans): levees and dams used for urban growth and development; China: Three Gorges Dam on Yangtze River causing displacement of population, changing the land features, yet also providing great potential for modernization; Southwest Asia: changing the desert into areas of agriculture productivity and developing urban centers.


GDP

772.2 billion USD


GDP per capita

46,054.41


Currency

Euro


Exchange rate to US dollars

1 Euro = 1.37 USD


Major economic activities

The Dutch economy is dependent on foreign trade. During the second half of the 20th century the Dutch economy underwent a transformation in which agriculture and industry declined in importance while services came to dominate the economic activity. The nation's fertile soil and deposits of natural gas and oil mean that both agriculture and industry remain competitive with similar sectors in other nations.


Famous brands of the country

shell, rabobank, ING(group), Philips, randstad, dove


Language

Dutch Language


Religion

Is mostly Christian.

Irreligious (42%)

Roman Catholicism (29%)

Protestantism (19%)

Islam (5%)

ð Other religions (5%)


Famous landmarks

Delta Project, Maastricht Vrijthof, Rijksmuseum, Keukenhof Gardens, Delft City Hall, West Frisian Islands, Leiden Canals, and Canals of Amsterdam.


Cultural foods

Poffertjes, BitterBallen, Stroopwaffels, Koffie Verkeerd, and Hollandse Nieuwe Haring


music

folk, jazz, pop music in Dutch language


Location (relative location)

Amsterdam: (capital city) 52° 22' N, 4° 53' E


Climate

have a temperate maritime climate influenced by the North Sea and Atlantic Ocean, with cool summers and moderate winters. Daytime temperatures varies from 2°C-6°C in the winter and 17°C-20°C in the summer.


topography

the dunes, the lowlands or "polders" (low-lying land reclaimed from the sea and from lakes and protected by dikes), and the higher eastern section of the country. About 27% of the land lies below sea level. A long range of sand dunes on the western coast protects the low alluvial land to the east from the high tides of the North Sea, and farther east and southeast are found diluvial sand and gravel soil. The highest point of land, the Vaalserberg, is situated in the extreme south and is 321 m (1,053 ft) above sea level; the lowest point, 7 m (23 ft) below sea level, is Prins Alexanderpolder, an area of reclaimed land situated northeast of Rotterdam. The most extensive polder is that of East Flevoland in the province of Flevoland; it has an area of nearly 55,000 ha (136,000 acres). Many dikes have been constructed along the lower Rhine and Meuse (Maas) rivers, as well as on a portion of the North Sea coast and along nearly the whole of the coast of the former Zuider Zee (formally called the Ijsselmeer since its enclosure by a dike in 1932). There are many canals in the country, most of which have numerous locks.