Down Syndrome

By: Sandra Gonzalez

What is Down Syndrome?

Typically, the nucleus of each cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, half of which are inherited from each parent. Down syndrome occurs when an individual has a full or partial extra copy of chromosome 21.

Traits and Symptoms

Down syndrome causes a distinct facial appearance, intellectual disability, developmental delays, and may be associated with thyroid or heart disease.


Physical Characteristics

- Lazy eye

- Spots

Cognitive Characteristics

-Learning disability

-Speech delay

Mental Characteristics

- Mild to Moderate cognitive delayed

Social Characteristics

- They do play with other children

- They Repeat jokes and complements

Classroom Modification

Most students with Down Syndrome receive special education services and are supported in self contained classrooms.

Some students with Down Syndrome are in inclusion rooms.

  • Modified curriculum
  • Extra time
  • Allow breaks as needed
  • Use a visual schedule
  • Have students repeat directions
  • Preferential seating/seat buddy
  • Give cues
  • Reduction in length of assignment
  • Modified assignments
  • Create social supports
HOW DO YOU SEE ME? | March 21 - World Down Syndrome Day | #HowDoYouSeeMe