The Korean War
By: Grace Settles and Nick Shaff
What caused the war?
Breakdown by Country:
Losses: Casualties : dead and wounded : 1.3 million South Korean military;
520,000 North Korean military;
Over 3 million civilian casualties. Much industry destroyed, agriculture ruined, millions of refugees
Gains: Gained respect by taking prompt and direct action. Used combined force to stop aggression. Achieved joint action by members.
Losses: 17,000 casualties; conduct of war almost entirely by USA and UN could have been seen as a USA puppet.
Gains: Saved South Korea from communism. Containment policy seen to work against Asian communism
Losses: 142,000 casualties. Defence spending went up from 12 to 60 billion dollars and failed to liberate North Korea.
Gains: Achieved closer friendship with China. Conflict between China and USA was to Russia’s advantage.
Losses: Forced into an expensive arms race with America.
Gains: Gained the respect of Asian communism. Saved North Korea from America. Kept a crucial buffer state on the eastern frontier. Achieved closer friendship with Russia
Losses: 900,000 casualties.
Cost of the war was immense for a poor country. Failed to win South Korea for communism. Increased American protection for Taiwan (Formosa). Isolated by America in trade and politics.
Between 3.5 and 4 million civilians were killed.