Chapter 7 Sociology

The Adult in Society

Adult Male Development

  1. Early Adult Transition: 17-22
  2. Entering the Adult World: 23-27
  3. Age 30 Transition: 28-32
  4. The Settling Down Period: 33-39
  5. The Midlife Transition: 40-44

Adult Female Transition

  1. Phase 1: Leaving the family.
  2. Phase 2: Entering the adult world
  3. Phase 3: Entering the adult world again

The labor force

  • Consists of all who are aged 16+ and are employed in paid positions
  • Composition Number of working males and females and the types of positions they hold.
  • Unemployment The situation that arises when a once employed person is no longer employed.
  • Occupations managerial/professional, technical/sales/administrative, service, precision production/craft/repair, operators/fabricators/laborers, farming/forestry/fishing.

Changing in nature of work

As composition changes so does the nature of the available jobs. Agriculture has become less important whereas managerial positions and technology positions have grown more important.

Changing Continues

  • Young-old: 65-74
  • Middle-old: 75-84
  • Old-old: 85+
  • With the majority of senior citizens their physical and cognitive function decline and sometimes diminish.
  • Many older people must now adjust to retirement, as some go work part-time jobs, or partake in hobbies they had little or no time to partake in while they worked.
  • Physical and mental functioning tend to decrease, or diminish. Yet, sometimes elderly people remain mentally alert.
  • Most elderly people begin to prepare for death by accepting it, and asking their children to help take care of them as their health diminishes.

New Opportunities

Most elderly people are financially stable and feel retirement is a chance at freedom.

They are able to try new things, move to a new place, or just relax and enjoy the remainder of their lives.

Some begin to enjoy a new career, or volunteer.

Those who plan ahead for retirement tend to be in a better position when the time comes.