Battle of Midway

"most decisive single naval battle in US history"

Battle of Midway

Thursday, June 4th 1942 at 9:15am to Sunday, June 7th 1942 at 5pm

Midway Island, Hawaii, United States


destroy Japan's naval

brake Japan's JN25 code

obtain Midway Island

Japan vs. United States

Six months after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Japan's next step was to invade Midway Island. It would allow Japan to attack Untied States' naval base. With United States code breaking, the US was able to be prepared.

The key strategy.

The one key tactic US did was breaking Japan's code. American code breakers were able to figure out the date and where the Midway attack would occur. It allowed the United States Navy to set up an ambush of its own. The Japanese used codes to communicate and to plan their attacks. For an example "AF" would refer to Midway. This was the US key strategy in winning this battle.


The impact of the battle was Japan lost a total of 228 aircrafts. Japan's invasion fleet returned to its home port. The carrier fleet had been destroyed. Midway Island was never threatened again.


Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto (Japan)-

Graduated from Japanese Naval Academy, 1904. As a young boy, he was always interested in joining the military.

He devised a plan to invade Midway. He drew ships of the US Pacific Fleet into a battle where they could be destroyed.

Admiral Chuichi Nagumo (Japan)-

Graduated from Japanese Naval Academy, 1908

He is well experience out sea. He was a great leader of the Battle of Midway.

He launched 108 planes and 7 scout planes, and commanded the Japanese carriers to attack Midway. The 7 scout planes were to help locate the US fleet.

Admiral Chester Nimitz (United States)-

Grew up in Texas. He Graduated from Naval Academy Class of 1905. Expertise in diesel engines. Led the submarines and was promoted to the "newly created rank of fleet admiral."

Broke the Japanese JN 25 code.

(picture on the right, third person from the left)

Outcome: US WON!

Japan could not match the American rate of production of aircraft carriers, aircrafts, and the number of soldiers. Japan have lost 4 carriers, 300 planes, and 3,500 men. By this point Japan is weak. It marked the turning point of World War II. It ended further threat from Japan's invasion in the Pacific.