Obituary

Megatherium Americanum

Amie Yang

Megatherium americanum lived in the forests of South America during the Cenozoic Era. This animal is part of a group called the xenarthrans, and is considered to be the largest species of ground sloth. Megatherium weighed up three tons, the size of an African elephant. It had huge claws up to fifty cm long, and could not put its feet flat on the ground. Instead, it walked mainly on its hind legs on the sides of their feet, but sometimes it would walk on all fours on the knuckles of his front paws.


35 million years-11,000 years ago

About Megatherium:

Megatherium spent its days on the ground, feasting on leaves and other plants from trees. He used his long tounge to reach hard places in the trees, and his enormous size allowed him to grasp vegetation other herbavores could not get to. On some days, Megatherium did eat the carcuses of other animals, such as the Glydodon, but he mainly stuck to his vegetarian diet. He liked to keep to himself and seldom traveled with others, although some days he would come across a group of sloths like himself. Other than these rare encounters, Megatherium lived a peaceful life, and was not disturbed by predators, as he could deliver fatal blows with his gigantic limbs.

Although little is known about Megatherium, he is thought to have spent his last days in his cave. Sadly, due to climate change and human hunters, Megatherium and his species disappeared at the end of the Pleistocene Epoch. His remains can still be found in the Natural Museum of History in London.

Donations for Family

Money is raised for Megatherium's relatives, the tree sloths. Donations are appreciated.

Works Cited

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"Super Collide: Extinct: Megatherium, Giant Ground Sloth." Super Collide: Extinct: Megatherium, Giant Ground Sloth. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. <http://www.supercollide.com/2008/10/extinct-megatherium-giant-ground-sloth.html>.

The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Megatherium (extinct Mammal)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/373072/Megatherium>.http://www.sdnhm.or