Neon

By: Seth Fink

Element Introduction

  1. Element name: Neon

  2. How the element got its name: From the greek for new, neos

  3. What family/group it is a part of (i.e. 1-18 and the name of the family): 18/ Noble Gas

  4. What period it is a part of (i.e. 1-7): 2

  5. Visual representation of the element (i.e. picture of the element in pure form, something the element is used for, a product made using the element, etc.)

General Information

  1. Chemical Symbol: Ne

  2. Atomic Number: 10

  3. Atomic Mass: 20.1797

  4. Number of protons, neutrons, and electrons: P=10 N=10 E=10

  5. Number of valence electrons: 8

  6. Any known isotopes of the element: Ne-20 Ne-21 N-22

  7. A Bohr model representing your element:

Physical Properties

  1. Melting point (in degrees F OR in degrees C): 24.56 K (-248.59°C or -415.46°F)

  2. Boiling point (in degrees F OR in degrees C): 27.07 K (-246.08°C or -410.94°F)

  3. Density (remember units):0.0008999 Grams Per Cubic Centimeter

  4. Abundance in the earth’s crust (i.e. How much of this element is found in the crust of the Earth?): 5x10-3 Milligrams per Kilogram

  5. Standard state of the element (Is it a solid, liquid, or gas at room temperature?): Gas

Uses

  1. Explain where the element is found (i.e., in ores, in rocks, etc.): It is found in

the earth’s atmosphere

  1. Explain what form the element is found in (pure, compound, etc.): It is found in a compound because it has other element in it to make mix together.

  2. Give at least 3 “real world” uses for the element. In other words, what do humans use it for. 1. They use it for signs on stores to say Open or Close. 2. They also make them into lasers to carve something into an object. 3. Liquid Neon is used as a cryogenic refrigerant.

Interesting facts

  1. List and describe at least two things about this element that you found interesting that you didn’t know before! Neon is colorless and odorless so it is good because if it breaks you can not smell it and cause a horrible smell in your work area.