STD's and STI's

Do you know about them?

What Is Human Papillomavirus (HPV)?

Human Papillomavirus includes a group of 150 or more viruses. These viruses infect the genital area and can result in cervical cancer or genital warts.

How Is It Spread?

HPV can be spread through skin to skin contact. It can also be spread by vaginal, anal, or oral sex.

How Long Is A Person Contagious?

Some HPV infections will leave the body after 8 to 13 months. Other types of HPV stay in your body but remain undetected.

How Is Someone Tested To See If They Are Infected?

Their are two types of tests. There is the Pap test and the HPV test. The Pap test is the test in which a woman finds she is infected. Pap tests are in charge of finding abnormal cell changes in the body. On the other hand, the HPV test is in charge of finding the virus which would cause abnormal cell changes in the body. For women, HPV testing is not common due to the fact that HPV is common and goes away on its own without any health problems as a result. HPV testing is different for men as their is no current test for them.

Some Statistics

Did You Know?

"HPV (the virus): About 79 million Americans are currently infected with HPV. About 14 million people become newly infected each year. HPV is so common that most sexually-active men and women will get at least one type of HPV at some point in their lives."


"Genital warts: About 360,000 people in the United States get genital warts each year."


"Cervical cancer: More than 11,000 women in the United States get cervical cancer each year."


"Human Papillomavirus (HPV)." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. U.S Department of Health & Human Services, 18 Feb. 2016. Web. 18 Mar. 2016. <http://www.cdc.gov/std/hpv/stdfact-hpv.htm>.

What Are The Symptoms?

For Women?

Symptoms for women vary depending on the type of HPV the woman is infected with. Women may develop warts on their feet or on their hands, like a common wart. Other types may affect the genital area by causing them to become infected. For women, these areas would be the vulva, vagina, cervix, rectum, or anus. Some types even cause cervical, genital, or throat cancers.

For Men?

The symptoms of HPV vary due to the different types of HPV. Similar to women, men who have become infected with HPV may produce warts on their feet and hands. The only difference in symptoms between men and women would be the genital areas that become infected. With men, the rectum, anus, penis, and scrotum may become infected. Some types may even cause cancers like throat and genital.
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Is There A Cure?

There is no cure for Human Papillomavirus. but some types may go away over time.

What Is The Treatment?

Treatment:

The treatment for HPV directly involves the HPV virus. Some treatments include colposcopy, cryotherapy, and LEEP. These treatments do not treat HPV rather the abnormal cell changes that occur in the cervix which are the results of the HPV virus.


What If It Is Left Untreated?

If HPV goes untreated, nothing severe will happen due to the fact that most infections of HPV are harmless. Also, most HPV infections go away themselves with in a matter of months.



How Much Does It Cost?

The vaccine for HPV comes in a series of 3 shots spread out over a period of months. Each dose of the vaccine costs about $130 to $140. In total, a person could pay more than $500 for the vaccine.

Works Consulted

"Average Number of Cancers per Year in Sites." Map. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 23 June 2014. Web. 18 Mar. 2016. <http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/hpv/statistics/cases.htm>.

"HPV-Associated Oropharyngeal Cancer Rates by Race, Ethnicity, and Sex, United States, 2004." Chart. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 5 June 2014. Web. 18 Mar. 2016. <http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/hpv/statistics/headneck.htm>.

"HPV Infection among Women." Chart. Women's Health USA 2011. Women's Health USA 2011, 2011. Web. 18 Mar. 2016. <http://mchb.hrsa.gov/whusa11/hstat/hshi/pages/219sti.html>.

"HPV Vaccines." American Cancer Society. American Cancer Society, 3 Feb. 2016. Web. 18 Mar. 2016. <http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/othercarcinogens/infectiousagents/hpv/humanpapillomavirusandhpvvaccinesfaq/hpv-faq-vaccine-cost>.

"Human Papillomavirus (HPV)." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. U.S Department of Health & Human Services, 18 Feb. 2016. Web. 18 Mar. 2016. <http://www.cdc.gov/std/hpv/stdfact-hpv.htm>.

"Human Papillomavirus (HPV)." Planned Parenthood. N.p., 2014. Web. 17 Mar. 2016. <https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/stds-hiv-safer-sex/hpv>.

Storrs, Carina. "STD Rates Rise Dramatically, Especially among Men." CNN. CNN, 19 Nov. 2015. Web. 15 Mar. 2016. <http://www.cnn.com/2015/11/19/health/std-rates-rise-dramatically/>.

"Symptoms of HPV." Chart. Youtube. YouTube, 21 July 2012. Web. 18 Mar. 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6N7ULXBfZss>.

"What Is HPV?" Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2016. <http://www.cdc.gov/hpv/parents/whatishpv.html>.