Breast Cancer

By Molly Carey & Lexi Olsen

What is Breast Cancer? (Lexi)

  • Uncontrolled growth of breast cells

  • Cancer comes from mutations

    • Happen in the nucleus

    • Many take place

  • Don’t get signal to stop dividing

    • Grow on top of each other and form a tumor

      • Benign - not dangerous to health

      • Malignant - could be dangerous

  • Breast cancer refers to tumor of the breast

  • Usually occurs in lobules (milk-producing glands) or ducts (passages that drain milk)

    • Can (not usually) form in breast tissue

  • Cancer cells can reach other parts of area eventually

    • Glands in under arm, etc.


"What Is Breast Cancer? | Breastcancer.org." Breastcancer.org. N.p., 23 Oct. 2015. Web. 29 Mar. 2016. <http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/understand_bc/what_is_bc>.

Breast Cancer Statistics (Molly)

  • “1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime”

  • 95% of women get breast cancer after the age of 40

  • “Every 19 seconds, someone in the world is diagnosed with breast cancer”

  • “A man’s lifetime risk of breast cancer is about 1 in 1,000”

  • Every 13 minutes a woman dies of breast cancer

  • The second leading thing for woman's death is breast cancer

  • If you have a lump in your breast you should probably get it checked out right away before it’s too late, better safe than sorry

  • Early detection, better screening, increasing awareness, and new treatments help reduce the amount of deaths by 30-40%

    • Mammograms are an example of this (for women)


"11 Facts About Breast Cancer." 11 Facts About Breast Cancer. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2016. <https://www.dosomething.org/facts/11-facts-about-breast-cancer>.


Photo: "Breast Cancer Facts :: The National Breast Cancer Foundation."Www.nationalbreastcancer.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2016. <http://www.nationalbreastcancer.org/breast-cancer-facts>.

Diagnosis & Testing Methods (Molly)

  • Mammograms - when the breasts are in a machine an are squeezed to check for lumps or tumors

  • Breast Ultrasound - echoes that bounce off the breast tissue

    • Not recommended

  • MRI of the breasts - Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    • Liquid (gadolinium) is placed inside the vein before going into the MRI and then the MRI will show if there are any tumors

  • There are other tests available but these are the most common ones


"How Is Breast Cancer Diagnosed?" How Is Breast Cancer Diagnosed? N.p., 22 Feb. 2016. Web. 28 Mar. 2016. <http://www.cancer.org/cancer/breastcancer/detailedguide/breast-cancer-diagnosis>.

Treatment (Molly)

  • Surgery

    • A breast surgeon

      • Would remove the breast/s

        • Can give you fake breasts

        • Don’t always get breasts to replace

  • Radiation Therapy

    • A radiation oncologist

      • High energy rays that destroy cancer cells

  • Chemotherapy

    • A medical oncologist

      • Results in hair loss

      • Make you very sick sometimes

        • Lots of throwing up

  • There are others but these are the most common


"How Is Breast Cancer Treated?" How Is Breast Cancer Treated? N.p., 22 Feb. 2016. Web. 05 Apr. 2016. <http://www.cancer.org/cancer/breastcancer/detailedguide/breast-cancer-treating-general-info>.

Side Effects of Treatment (Lexi)

  • Fatigue

  • Headaches

  • Pain & numbness

  • Dental issues

  • Lymphedema - can cause swelling

  • Bone loss & osteoporosis

  • Heart problems

  • New cancers

  • Infertility


"Side Effects from Breast Cancer Treatment." Johns Hopkins Medicine. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2016. <http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/breast_center/treatments_services/survivor_care/side_effects.html>.


Photo: Mayo Clinic News Network. "Coping with Chemotherapy Side Effects."WMUR. N.p., 9 Oct. 2015. Web. 06 Apr. 2016. <http://www.wmur.com/health/breast-cancer-awareness/coping-with-chemotherapy-side-effects/27794214>.

Risk Factors (Lexi)

  • Having risk factors doesn’t mean you will get the disease

  • Risk for breast cancer changes over time

    • Aging & lifestyle

  • Gender

    • More common in women (about 100 times more common)

      • Men can still get it

      • Since women have more estrogen and progesterone, which promote breast cancer cell growth, it’s more common in women

  • Aging

    • Increases as you get older

  • Genetics

    • Receive mutated copy of certain gene, very high risk for developing it

      • Women with mutation have higher risk for developing other cancers

        • Examples: ovarian cancer, stomach cancer, etc.

      • Genetic tests can be done to see which gene

        • Pros & cons to be considered

  • Family history of breast cancer

    • The closer the relative, the higher the risk

  • Personal history of breast cancer

    • Having cancer in one breast can lead to cancer in the other breast or other part of the same breast

    • Different from return of breast cancer

  • Race & Ethnicity

    • Caucasian women more likely than African-American women

    • African-American women more likely to die from it

    • Women under 45, more common in African-American women

  • Dense Breast Tissue

    • More dense tissue means a higher risk

  • Menstrual Periods

    • More periods means slightly higher risk

      • Menstruated at a young age

  • Previous radiation

  • Having Children

  • Birth Control

  • Breastfeeding


"What Are the Risk Factors for Breast Cancer?" What Are the Risk Factors for Breast Cancer? N.p., 22 Feb. 2016. Web. 29 Mar. 2016. <http://www.cancer.org/cancer/breastcancer/detailedguide/breast-cancer-risk-factors>.

New Discoveries (Lexi)


  • Low stage cancer can limit risk of tumors

    • Avoid eating for 13 hours or more each night

  • Can ward off high blood sugar, inflammation, weight gain, & more

  • Study has been going on for a while

    • Many women chosen (without diabetes)

    • Many different ages

  • Starved less than 13 hours at night

    • 36% higher risk of breast cancer

  • Less chance of dying when fasting enough at night

    • Not a huge difference


Information & Photo: AFP. "Avoiding Food at Night May Reduce Breast Cancer Recurrence."Alternet. N.p., 04 Apr. 2016. Web. 05 Apr. 2016. <http://www.alternet.org/food/avoiding-food-night-may-reduce-breast-cancer-recurrence>.

Prevention (Lexi)

  • Stay as healthy as possible

    • Balanced diet

    • Maintain a healthy weight

    • No smoking

    • Limit alcohol consumption

    • Exercise regularly

      • Ways may help but not eliminate risk

    • Breast cancer isn’t anyone’s fault

      • Can only take steps to lessen risk


"What Is Breast Cancer? | Breastcancer.org." Breastcancer.org. N.p., 23 Oct. 2015. Web. 29 Mar. 2016. <http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/understand_bc/what_is_bc>.

Donations

  • Susan G. Komen

    • Research

    • Community events

  • Breast Cancer Research Foundation

    • Research

  • National Breast Cancer Foundation, Inc.

    • Health services for women

    • $100 helps give a mammogram to a woman in need

  • Breast Cancer Fund



http://ww5.komen.org/

http://www.bcrfcure.org/

https://www.nationalbreastcancer.org/breast-cancer-donations

https://www.charitywatch.org/top-rated-charities


Photo: "Personalized Breast Cancer Treatment Has Saved Millions." Newsmax. N.p., 01 Oct. 2015. Web. 05 Apr. 2016. <http://www.newsmax.com/Health/Health-News/personalized-breast-cancer-treatment/2015/10/01/id/694212/>.