Bailey Bruner, McKayla Maddox, Bree Lewis, Laura Walter

What is Morphine?

Morphine is a highly concentrated form of poppy seeds that is used as a pain killer, and is classified as a narcotic. Other names for Morphine include MS Contin, Morphine Sulfate ER, Roxanol, and Kadian. Morphine can be either taken oraly or injected.
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Short and Long Term Effects

Long term effects harm the central nervous system, gastrointestinal system, and the urogenital system. Short term side effects include: constipation, skin changes (allergic reactions), and drowsiness, vomiting, dry mouth, and dizziness. Some withdrawal symptoms include: loss of sleep,vomiting, goose bumps, hot flashes, and extreme craving.

Because of these side effects, the use of morphine for unprescribed, non-medicinal purposes should be avoided. It is a very strong and easily addictive pain reliever which can provide sensations of euphoria. If you or someone you know is struggling with an addiction to, or tampering with the use of morphine, CALL (877) 640-1943 to speak with an Addiction Treatement Cosultant, or 1-888-306-5869 to speak to rehab treatment.

Local and Federal Laws

In federal law, Moprphine is considered a Schedule 2 drug under the controlled substances act. Doctors must be licensed by their state authorities to prescribe it legally. If you are caught with morphine illegally you could be fined up to 10,000 dollars, and placed in jail.
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morhine and accidents

In December of 2011, 81% of people who were killed by morphine either died in a car accident while under the influence, or overdosed with the drug. Morphing doesn't usually lead to suicide, violence, or sexual behavior. People do die from overdosing, but it is usually unintentional and not meant to be an act of suicide.

Morphine and pregnancy

The use of morphine during a pregnancy could lead to neonatal withdrawal and underdevelopment in the baby. The use of morphine during labor could lead to respiratory depression in the child, and lengthens the time the mother spends in labor.

Morphine+athletics=decrease in athletic performance

Effects on Athletics

The use of morphine can cause lethargy and a decrease in motor skills. Use makes it so you can't play or perform to the best of your ability, and this is why the use of morphine prior to or during athletic activities should be avoided and is prohibited.
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Digestive system

Morphine is commonly used as a means of providing pain relief. Though morphine is not always necessarily bad if used in a prescribed medicinal way, it can lead to constipation and uncomfortableness during digestion.

Immune System

Morphine and other Opioids suppress the immune system and the body's innate defense against infection.

Cardiovascular System

The use of morphine leads to an increase in blood pressure, and a significant reduction in systolic and diastolic arterial BP. These things when occurring over a long term time spance can lead to cardiovascular disease.

Nervous and urinary systems

Morphine causes analgesia, delusions, dysphoria, hallucinations, and mental clouding which all affects the nervous system. In the urinary system negative effects include a decrease in the amount of urine used, and a decrease in the ability to urinate.
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Other Potential Risks on the body

Dizziness, drowsiness, constipation, shallow breathing, convulsions, low blood pressure, seizures, hallucinations, blurred vision, and infection in the heart lining.