Medical Topic Research Blog

Topic: Epilepsy

Definitions & Analyses of 5 Medical Terms Related to Epilepsy

A. Word Analysis of Neurologist

(CF) neur/o - nerve

(RW) log - study of

(S) -ist - one who specializes

Definition: One who specializes in the study of nerves


B. Word Analysis of Consciousness

(RW) consci - aware

(RW) ous - pertaining to

(S) -ness - state of being

Definition: the state of being aware


C. Word Analysis of Hemorrhage

(RW) hemorrh - vein liable to

(S) -age - related to

Definition: an escape of blood from a ruptured vein or vessel


D. Word Analysis of Neurological

(CF) neur/o - nerve

(RW) log - study of

(S) -ical - pertaining to

Definition: the study pertaining to the nerves


E. Word Analysis of Anticonvulsant

(P) anti- - against

(RW) con - with

(RW) vuls - to pull, to tear

(S) -ant - forming

Definition: a drug used to prevent or reduce seizures

Summary

Epilepsy is defined as "a disorder of the nervous system that can cause people to suddenly become unconscious and to have sudden, involuntary movements of the body". Epilepsy itself is not hereditary, however, seizures can be seen present in generations of families.

When someone thinks of epilepsy, usually the first thing that comes to mind is seizures. Having at least two seizures 24 hours apart is part of the diagnosis of epilepsy. In the "Medical Terminology - For Health Care Professionals - 8th Edition" textbook, Jane Rice says that seizures are "episodes of disturbed brain function that cause changes in attention and/or behavior." (Rice 496) Seizures are classified into 4 groups: partial, generalized, Unilateral, Unclassified. Almost all of epilepsy cases have unidentifiable causes, which is called idiopathic. According to research done by Physician Writer Kaarkuzhali B. Krishnamurthy, M.D., symptoms of seizures can include twitching, pain, or isolated motor symptoms. His studies also show that the most common diagnosis test is blood work. However, there are other tests that can be taken. For example, the EEG usually takes anywhere from 20-60 minutes. In that time period, brain wave activity is recorded. (Krishnamurthy 2016) Krishnamurthy's studies also show that there are really no ways to prevent epilepsy, however there are a couple of ways someone can prevent the likelihood of having seizures. (Krishnamurthy 2016)

Although there are no ways to prevent epilepsy, studies done by Sheila A. Lewis show the new and developing ways to treat it. Lewis says that the anti-epileptic drugs are improving. Levetiracetam is a newer AED (anti-epileptic drug) which is intended for the use of adolescents over the age of 16. It is said to work by interfering with neurotransmitters to eliminate seizures. (Lewis 2014) Another AED is Pregabalin. Pregabalin is recommended for adults over the age of 18. How it works is not fully comprehended yet, but it seems to successfully eliminate seizures. (Lewis 2014)
Big image

Image 1 ^

The image above shows a normal brain and the brain of someone who has epilepsy, which is caused by abnormal brain activity. The ongoing seizures can end up causing a lot of damage and sometimes disease to the brain as shown in the image.


Image Credit: http://www.karmanhealthcare.com/medical-health-issues/epilepsy/

Big image

Image 2^

The image directly above shows the different parts of the brain and what they are responsible for. Different types of seizures affect different parts of the brain. For example, in a complex focal seizure, the frontal lobes are affected, causing unconsciousness, impairing speech and hearing, etc.


Image Credit: http://ewct.org.nz/epilepsy-types/

Nicole Wojcik

My name is Nicole Wojcik. I am a Junior in high school, so this is my first year as a PSEO student at UNW. I hope to get a degree in nursing and incorporate missions in my work. I hope you enjoyed/learned something new from my blog!