Gandhi's Influences

Essential Question #2

Who was Gandhi?

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the famous leader who worked to gained India's independence from the British in the mid-1900s.

Gandhi's Methods of Actions

Gandhi's movement to gain India's independence was all done in a nonviolent way. He believed that you did not need to have a war to have a winner of a battle. He used boycotts (cottage industry), hunger strikes, protests, speeches, etc.

Hunger Strikes

  • A hunger strike is when one person or a group of people go without food for a number of days
  • Gandhi went on many hunger strikes hoping for the people to reconcile before he starts to severely suffer from hunger
  • An example of a hunger strike was on September 19, 1932
  • Wanted the Untouchables of the cast system to be able to run for government
  • British threw him in jail for protesting this
  • Fasted for six days against the British, until they backed off
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Cottage Industry

  • Cottage industry is when someone makes products that they can buy at home
  • Gandhi made his own clothing, food, salt, etc
  • This was a form of a boycott because he wasn't buying from the British who had very high prices
  • By not buying from the British, Gandhi tried to influence the others to do the same because they were losing money
  • This is a reason for Gandhi dressing in a simple white robe and pants because he made them himself
  • One very famous march as part of the cottage industry was Gandhi's Salt March
  • Gandhi refused to pay the overwhelming taxes on salt sold by the British
  • Lead thousands of people 240 miles to the Arabian Sea
  • Lead to Gandhi and 60,000 others to be arrested
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Speeches

  • Gandhi gave many speeches that covered many topics in the Indian independence movement
  • Was a nonviolent way to give his strong opinion and reasoning to the public
  • He gave many speeches, but 8 of them are his most well-known
  • An example of one very powerful one is the "Quit India" speech on August 8, 1942
  • He demanded in this that the British end their rule and India to gain their independence from Britain
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Who was Martin Luther King Junior?

Martin Luther King Jr. was the leader of the African-American civil rights Movement. Just like Gandhi, he wanted to make a change in a nonviolent way to gain rights for a group of people.
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How is Gandhi's legacy similar to Martin Luther King's?

1. They both had the same philosophy

Both Gandhi and MLK believed that they did not need violence to get their point across. They use nonviolent ways to protest for their beliefs.

2. They both often gave speeches

Both had many famous and powerful speeches in front of thousands of people who were willing to listen. They both have a number one famous speech, Gandhi's being the "Quit India" speech and King's being the "I Have a Dream..." speech. Both were so powerful because they strongly believed in what they were saying and were willing to protest

3. They both lead boycotts

Boycotts are a very important aspect in protesting because it is an act of going against the norm to protest for strong beliefs. Both men lead many boycotts, both having one well known. Gandhi lead the Salt March in 1930 and King lead the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955.

4. They both were willing to go to jail

Since both of their independence movements were against the law, they were arrested many times. Although, they would not want to be in jail, they were willing to if it meant standing up for their beliefs. They proved this by continuing their movements after jail.

5. They both wrote famous leaders while in jail

While in jail, they did not believe it was the end of their journey. They continued their movements by writing letters while in jail. Martin Luther King's famous letter being "Letter From Birmingham Jail."