The 3 Amigos of Midevil Europe
By: Patrick Kearns
"The conqueror is regarded with awe; the wise man commands our respect; but it is only the benevolent man that wins our affection." - William Dean Howells
William I (The Conquerer) Bio History
Wiliam was born in 1028 a.d. in Falaise, Normandy. He could be described as brave, kingly, and inspirational. He died in 1087 a.d.
William I Importance
He was the first Norman King of England. He ended confict between the Danes and the Saxons by becoming king. He also established feudalism to England. His biggest accomplishment was winning the battle of Hastings, which resulted in Normans taking control of England.
William I Memorable Moments
A significant battle was the Battle of Hastings. William defeated King Harold and becames the king of England. William also built many midevil castles in England, including the tower of London (which now holds the Crown Jewels). He was Norman, so he spoke French, and never learned English. This is why we get many words from the French. His Jester was the first casualty at the Battle of Hastings. At Williams funeral, his intestines exploded when priests tried to put him in a coffin that was too small.
I would that I were low laid in my grave:I am not worth this coil that ’s made for me. - (2.1.169) Shakespears "King John"
King John (Lackland) Bio Info
He was born in 1166 a.d. in Beaumont Palace, Oxford. He could be discribed as a cruel, unloyal, and a wamaniser. He died in 1216 a.d.
King John Importance
King John is famous for many reasons. He (reluctantly) signed the Magna Carta, betraid his brother, Richard the Lionhearted, and lost control of Normandy. The Magna Carta limits the Kings power, which, for obvious reasons John did not like.
King John Memorable Moments
King John won the Battle of Mirebeau, which strengthened his presence in France. However, King Phillip eventually recaptured Normandy. He was nicknamed "Lackland", because he lost the land to Phillip. John murdered his nephew Arthur so he could have more power. King John supposedly died by eating to much ale and peaches.
“One life is all we have and we live it as we believe in living it. But to sacrifice what you are and to live without belief, that is a fate more terrible than dying.” -Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc (Maid of Orleans) Bio History
Joan was born in Domremy, France, 1412. She could be described as courageous, religious, and determined. She died in 1431 at the age of 19.
Joan of Arc Importance
Joan led the French army across the English channel during the Hundred Years War. She was canonized in 1920 (became a saint).
Joan of Arc Memorable Moments
Joan of Arc won victory over the English at the siege of Orleans. She was then nicknamed the Maid of Orleans. Joan reported hearing Gods voice in her head, and scientists say she may have suffered from Meniere's disease, tinnitus, or even schizophrenia. She was captured by the Duke of Burgundy, was charged with the practice of sorcery (and wearing pants), and was burned at the stake.