Vocab Collage

Tanner McDonald & Michael Vo


A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.

EX: southerners in England pronounce words like grass and path with an /ah/ sound

Extinct Language

A language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used.

EX: the Gothic language was widely spoken by people in Eastern and Northern Europe in the third century


A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate.

EX: the line that separates those who say bucket or pail in America

Language Branch

A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as

EX: the Romance languages are spoken in southwextensive or as old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that the branches derived from the same family.estern Europe and Latin America

Language Family

A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.

EX: Indo-European is the world's most extensively spoken language family

Lingua Franca

A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages.

EX: originally applied to the language that the Arab traders used to communicate with Europeans in the Middle Age

Official Language

The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.

EX: many countries that were once British colonies us English as their official language though few of their citizens can speak it

Pidgin Language

A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a Lingua Franca; used for communications among speakers of two different languages.

EX: Liberian English is spoken in Liberia


Combination of Spanish and English, spoken by Hispanic Americans.

EX: shorts in English becomes chores in Spanglish

Standard Language

The form of language used for official government business, education, and mass communication.

EX: BRP is recognized by many English speaking countries


The system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents and idea or a concept rather than a specific sound.

EX: People look at the Egyptian Hieroglyphics as an ideogram because they used symbols to represent ideas.


A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people o have the same meaning.

EX: People who live in America learn how to speak English because that is what most people speak.