FRACKING

and America's never ending thirst for dirty energy

Just when you think America is done with coal aka fossil fuels, the US moves onto a mass fracking project. Why?

What's fracking?

Hydraulic fracturing (hydro-fracking) a process that is credited as being first employed by Halliburton in 1948, uses a mixture of chemical additives, proppants (particles, like sand or ceramic), and water, injected under high pressure into a target oil or gas zone, in order to facilitate the flow of the gas or oil back to the surface for recovery.
Facts About Fracking

How's it done?

Animation of Hydraulic Fracturing (fracking)
25,000 high-volume shale-gas wells are already operating in the U.S., hundreds of thousands are scheduled to go into operation within 20 years, and millions will be operating worldwide
If earth were transparent, you'd see this pattern on a flight over northwest North Dakota. From the more than 3,000 active wells shown here, pipes from down nearly two miles, then dogled horizontally for a mile or two through the layer of shale called the Bakken formation. Lines on this map show the horizontal pipes, where the fracking for oil occurs. - Caption of photo from National Geographic March 2013

What's wrong with fracking?

The problem with hydralic fracturing is that there is a LOT of natural gas. The planet has more than 220,253,000,000,000 cubic meters (tcm). Fracking will make this fossil fuel more accessable and with America and their never ending search for more energy this natural gas will definately be tapped out.
Fracking releases large amounts of natural gas, which consists mostly of methane, directly into the atmosphere. Robert Howarth, an ecologist and evolutionary biologist, and Anthony Ingraffea, a civil and environmental engineer, reported that fracked wells leak 40 to 60 percent more methane than conventional natural gas wells. When water with its chemical load is forced down a well to break the shale, it flows back up and is stored in large ponds or tanks. But volumes of methane also flow back up the well at the same time and are released into the atmosphere before they can be captured for use.


This can be seen here through infrared video cameras that were specially designed for this purpose:

Infrared Video of Drilling Air Pollution
Methane traps 20 to 25 times more heat in the atmosphere than carbon dioxide. However methane in the atmosphere remains for about 12 years before being scrubbed out by ongoing chemical reactions, whereas carbon dioxide lasts 30 to 95 years.


In the next 20 years, methane will contribute 44 percent of the greenhouse gas load produced by the U.S. 17 percent will come from all natural gas operations.

Some more problems that come along with fracking....

Fracking Hell: The Untold Story

Traffic

All gas development creates traffic in rural areas. The large scale of development translates to dramatic increases in traffic compared to that generated by drilling conventional wells. One well service company, Gas Field Specialists, uses tanker trucks that can carry 5,460 gallons of fluid. If one well requires 2 million gallons of water for one fracking, that’s 366 tanker trucks hauling fresh water and 183 tanker trucks hauling waste water, for a total of 549 tanker truck trips per well, per fracking. For the average fracking, which may take 3.5 million gallons, that is 960 tanker truck trips.


Extra:

CambridgeJBS

Let's get fracking. Or should we? by CambridgeJBS

Fracking is mostly in the United States as of now.

But Canada has gas reserves too. Stephen Harper who is (unfortunately) pro-oil will probably get to tapping Canada's reserves just like the States.

Shale gas reserves in the Rocky Mountains.

Why we should HALT fracking sites ASAP:

July 2005: After the industry was granted exemptions from all important and relevant federal environmental laws and health regulations (exemptions commonly referred to as the Halliburton loophole), it enabled the industry to use a mix of highly toxic chemicals including endochrine disruptors and volatile organic chemicals in order to rapidly and successfully extract hard to access gas and oil from shale layers and other rock thousands of feet below the surface.


Why should companies be exempt from the law? What makes the oil and gas industry so important that they are allowed to do whatever they want? Is it because we need gas and oil for society to carry on? That is a redundant reason as gas and oil is a fuel of the past.


Green energy should be the main focus for the future. The government allowing the crooked oil/gas industry to escape the law only holds us back from environmental efforts that should be prioritized.

The average global temperature compared with the early 1900s is now expected to increase by 1.5 degrees Celsius within the next 15 to 35 years, which is a tipping point toward aggressive climate change. More and more fracking would speed the world to that transition or undermine efforts to reduce emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases.


We cannot have an economy without the environment. How can we prioritize money over out planet when without the planet there would be no money? The government needs to get their act together and halt fracking. The money these people get from cutting laws out and sucking all the natural gas is temporary.

Let's not push the limit. STOP FRACKING.