Political, Economic, and Social Aspects


  • climate favored smaller farms rather than large plantations
  • industry and manufacturing was main economic source
  • large city due to industry: New York
  • factories workers were immigrants from Europe
  • contained more than 2/3 of railroad tracks
  • most crops produced were corn and wheat
  • considered a plantation if 800+ acres and owned more than 50 slaves


  • children of wealthy and middle class families attended school
  • population twice as much as South
  • women were looked at as very moral and were put in charge of educated their children and teaching them how to be constructive members of society
  • the lower classes worked in factories and mills
  • 50% of wealth in 5% of families in U.S.


  • slavery had died out
  • many belonged to Whig/Republican party
  • legal/political rights to men
  • politics more focused around industrialization (for example, tariffs were passed during Jackson's presidency to protect manufacturing)

The North-Pre Civil War

The North Before the War (The Civil War: Two Views Part 1)