Davis ,Douglas Mawson, Scott and Admonsen are all here
Born in Surrey, England to James Davis and Marion nee King, he was educated at Colet Court, London, and Burford Grammar School, Oxfordshire. Davis did not have a family of his own, but had an endless love of the sea and exploration. Described by many as the greatest captain in Antarctic history, his share of help was honoured by the Australian Antarctic Division, naming one of its four permanent Antarctic research stations ‘Davis’, in 1957.
As a 16 year old, he was steward’s boy on the Carisbrooke Castle before being apprenticed as a seaman on the Celtic Chief and visiting Australia. Perhaps it was during these formative years that he decided to settle in Melbourne when no longer sailing.
Davis passed the Board of Trade examination to qualify as second mate, serving on the Westland and the Port Jackson. In 1906 he gained his first mate’s certificate in Australia, followed by his extra master’s certificate in New Zealand.
He returned to further studies in geology in 1904 (B.Sc., 1905), having already published a paper (1903) on the geology of Mittagong, New South Wales, when Thomas Griffith Taylor and one (1904) on radioactive minerals in Australia, with Thomas Laby, in addition to several on the New Hebrides.
Through the early influence of Professor Archibald, Mawson became a pioneer in the chemical aspects of geology and geochemistry. But the dominant influence was that of Professor (Sir) Tannatt Edgeworth David, foremost among workers in the geological sciences in Australia
First Antarctic Expedition: Scott led his first British Antarctic expedition on the ship HMS Discovery (1901-1904). On this mission, they sailed along northern Ross Island to Mount Terror (past the area explored by James Ross). Scott named this new area King Edward VI Land. Scott went in a hot air balloon on February 4, 1902, making the first balloon flight on Antarctica.
The expedition overwintered on Hut Point (on Ross Island). Scott and two crew members tried to cross the Ross Ice shelf on a sled pulled by 19 dogs (November 1902 - January 1903). Scurvy (a lack of vitamin C) made them ill and they were forced to return. Soon after, most of the crew returned to England (March 1903); Scott and a few others remained to expore the area until September 1904.
Upon his return, Scott was promoted to Captain, became very popular with the public, and wrote "The Voyage of Discovery" (published in 1905).
Davis explored Antarctica.
An Australian explorer who courageously ventured through the catabatic Antarctic winds. Douglas mapped out the most of Antarctica and made a huge stride in science for the scientists after him!
Scott was also a famous explorer of Antarctica.