Agricultural Impact and Revolution
By: Alfredo de Leon, Kevin Sajan, and Tanner Linndle
Agriculture in India
Major Crops in India
Top 4 Largest Crops by Economic Value
India's Farming Season
Instead of one crop season per year, the decision was made to have two crop seasons per year. The one-season-per-year practice was based on the fact that there is only natural monsoon per year. This was correct. So, there had to be two "monsoons" per year. One would be the natural monsoon and the other an artificial 'monsoon.' This was part of the Green Revolution.
Following the liberalizing economic reforms of 1991 the government withdrew support from the agricultural sector. These reforms, along with other factors, led to a rise in farmer suicides. Various studies identify the important factors as the withdrawal of government support, insufficient or risky credit systems, the difficulty of farming semi-arid regions, poor agricultural income, absence of alternative income opportunities, a downturn in the urban economy which forced non-farmers into farming, and the absence of suitable counseling services
The green revolution changed how India farmed and created new ways to to do use what India had and capitalized on it.
The three main methods to the green revolution are to continue expansion of farming areas, double cropping the farmlands, and improving the genetics of seeds.
India transformed itself from a starving nation to an exporter of food. This earned admiration for India in the comity of nations, especially in the Third World.The increase in irrigation created need for new dams to harness monsoon water. The water stored was used to create hydro-electric power. This in turn boosted industrial growth, created jobs and improved the quality of life of the people in villages.
- Cotton in India grows best on black soil.
- India is the largest producer of chilies in the world.
- India is the largest producer,consumer,and processor of cashews in the world.
- The seeds of the green revolution were first tested in the drought years of 1964-1965.