Agricultural Impact and Revolution

By: Alfredo de Leon, Kevin Sajan, and Tanner Linndle

Agriculture in India

Over 50 years since its independence, India has made progress towards food not being a problem. Indian population has tripled, but food-grain production more than quadrupled. There has since been substantial increase in available food-grain per capita.

Major Crops in India

Top 4 Largest Crops by Economic Value

India's Farming Season

Instead of one crop season per year, the decision was made to have two crop seasons per year. The one-season-per-year practice was based on the fact that there is only natural monsoon per year. This was correct. So, there had to be two "monsoons" per year. One would be the natural monsoon and the other an artificial 'monsoon.' This was part of the Green Revolution.


Irrigation in India refers to the supply of water from Indian rivers, tanks, wells, canals and other artificial projects for the purpose of cultivation and agricultural activities. 64% of the cultivated land is dependent on monsoons. The economic significance of irrigation in India is namely, to reduce over dependence on monsoons, advanced agricultural productivity, bringing more land under cultivation, reducing instability in output levels, creation of job opportunities, electricity and transport facilities, control of floods and prevention of droughts.


Even though, India has shown remarkable progress in recent years and has attained self-sufficiency in food staples, the productivity of Indian farms for the same crop is very low compared to farms in Brazil, the United States, France and other nations. Indian wheat farms, for example, produce about a third of wheat per hectare per year in contrast with wheat farms in France.

Following the liberalizing economic reforms of 1991 the government withdrew support from the agricultural sector. These reforms, along with other factors, led to a rise in farmer suicides. Various studies identify the important factors as the withdrawal of government support, insufficient or risky credit systems, the difficulty of farming semi-arid regions, poor agricultural income, absence of alternative income opportunities, a downturn in the urban economy which forced non-farmers into farming, and the absence of suitable counseling services

Green Revolution

The green revolution changed how India farmed and created new ways to to do use what India had and capitalized on it.

The three main methods to the green revolution are to continue expansion of farming areas, double cropping the farmlands, and improving the genetics of seeds.

India transformed itself from a starving nation to an exporter of food. This earned admiration for India in the comity of nations, especially in the Third World.

The increase in irrigation created need for new dams to harness monsoon water. The water stored was used to create hydro-electric power. This in turn boosted industrial growth, created jobs and improved the quality of life of the people in villages.
Smart Farming in India

Fun Facts

- Agriculture in India provides livelihood to 60% of the population.

- Cotton in India grows best on black soil.

- India is the largest producer of chilies in the world.

- India is the largest producer,consumer,and processor of cashews in the world.

- The seeds of the green revolution were first tested in the drought years of 1964-1965.