Sickle Cell Anemia

Brooke Wojciechowski and Caleigh Achim

Definition

Sickle Cell Anemia is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder that causes red blood cells to form a sickle, crescent, shape that causes to block blood flow in the blood vessels of the limbs and organs. The average age of onset of this disorder is 4 months or older. It is not gender specific but is common in people of African decent.
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Symptoms/Characteristics

  • Chest Pain
  • Headaches
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sudden pain throughout the body
  • Pale Skin
  • Stressful/fearful
  • Lots of Anxiety
  • Depression

Treatments

  • Daily dose of Penicillin and Folic Acid.
  • Hydroxyurea
  • Bone marrow transplants (Extreme Cases)
  • Stay hydrated
  • Avoid physical activity
  • Blood transfusions

Affects on Life

  • Lower life expectancy
  • Healthy lifestyle
  • Perserverance
  • Pain tolerance
  • Multiple doctor visits
  • Temperature sensitive
  • No airplane rides

Researching

  • Hematologists
  • Hydroxyurea
  • No cure

Works Cited

"Living With Sickle Cell Anemia." National lung and Heart Institute. U.S
Department of Health and Human Services, 28 Sept. 2012. Web. 20 Mar. 2015.
<http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/sca/livingwith>.


"Sickle Cell Disease." Learn.Genetics. University of Utah, n.d. Web. 20 Mar.
2015. <http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/disorders/singlegene/
sicklecell/>.