Ancient Native Americans

Anabella Serafini

Anasazi

The Anasazi were ancestors of Pueblo Native Americans. They showed up around 500 AD. They built and constructed tons of things. Some of these buildings/constructions were dams, ditches, and canals. The canals were used to collect rain from tops of a mesa and bring the water to gardens on the canyon floor. Their houses were made from adobe and stone. The homes were multi-storied, and they looked like apartments. The heart of the civilization in Chaco Canyon was Pueblo Bonito, where there was a complex of more than 1000 people. They made jewelry out of turquoise, and they also made woven baskets, and pottery. They started fading away around 1200 AD. They influenced art and architecture of late groups like Hopi and Zuni.

Adena

They are known as the Eastern Woodland people. They lived in the Ohio valley region around 700 BC. They made burial mounds made out of log structures with piles of earth. They mainly grew squash, sunflowers, gourds, and barley. They also made copper jewelry and fine pottery.
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Hopewell

The Hopewells were also known as the Eastern Woodland people. They showed up in the Ohio valley region around 300 BC. They built mounds that were estimated to be 40 feet high and 100 feet wide! Artifacts were found and they suggest that there was an extensive trade network. Both the Adena and Hopewell tribes were referred as " Mount Builders".
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Mississippians

The Mississippians arrived around 800 AD. They had plants used for food, but when they planted extra things like maize {corn} and beans, they had a HUGE increase of people. As the population increased, it meant more land. The Mississippians ended up having a ton of "cities" with up to 10,00 people!!! The largest of them all was Cahokia. Cahokia was near present day East St. Louis. Also, in Cahokia, there was a gigantic mound that was estimated to be 100 feet high, and a base of more than 14 acres. This mound is even bigger than the Great Pyramid in Egypt!!! Surrounding this big mound were about 120 smaller mounds. Even thought the Mississippi civilizations ended by the early 1300s AD, they had influenced other Eastern Woodland people by leaving behind their agricultural practices of large scale faming with beans and corn and mound building.
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