Scientific Revolution

By: Lizbeth Segovia 5th Period

What was the change?

Before the 1500's several people believed in what the bible addressed towards the topic of how the world was created. On the other hand, several other scholars believed in the theories of Greek and Roman astronomers such as Aristotle and Ptolemy and their theories on how the universe was organized. During this time period various people believed that the earth was a non-moving object as well as how they thought the Earth was located in the center of the universe, which seemed explainable because of the fact that the sun seemed to move around the Earth as it rose in the morning and it set on a different region in the evening. This led many scholars to start questioning the idea of how the universe was organized, which led to the development of the Scientific Revolution. This revolution led to the biggest change in history were several people began to question the natural world, and challenge the the accepted beliefs that several people have believed throughout this time period.

Who were the people associated with this change?

Nicolaus Copernicus

Nicolaus Copernicus was an astronomer that began to question the Greek idea of the earth being in the center of the Earth. This polish astronomer wanted to know the movements of the sun, moon, and planets, which were not explained enough in the geocentric theory created by Aristotle and Ptolemy. He believed in an ancient Greek idea where they thought that the sun was at the center of the universe. After years of careful observations he finally proved that everything in the universe revolved around the sun. Although he made an important discovery he did not publish his theory, because he feared that many scholars would reject this theory because of their religious believes, and feared that they would persecute him. He finally decided to publish his discoveries in 1543, which was the last year he lived.

How did the change impact society at the time?

The society was impacted tremendously during this important change. It created confusion during this period, because of the change of theories. For example the people were so used to the geocentric theory that was developed by Aristotle and Ptolemy, and the basic beliefs of the scholars that god created the world, As well as the new theory of the sun being in the center of the earth in which several people contributed to it. Some people believed in one thing and many other people were undecided. There was a lot of confusion as well because for example the catholic church made one of the astronomers "confess" that Copernicus's theory was false, and also many people did not want to betray their religion and believe in any of the theories, because it was against their religious beliefs.

How is that change evidenced in today's modern society?

This important change in history has impacted the society tremendously through out the years. These important changes are even used today in society, and have been built upon to make them better and clear for the future generations. For instance the law of gravity that was created by Issac Newton have impacted the society, because now in days our children and many other people understand the motion that goes up in space and in the Earth. Another important example is the scientific method that has been perfected through out the years, that was developed by Francis Bacon and Rene Descartes. This scientific method yet seems to be very simple, but it has helped many scientists produce efficient theories that help us understand the natural world that we live on.