Polio

By Lauren Schafer

Introduction

Poliomyelitis, mostly known as polio, is a very life threatening disease. At first when you get Polio you experience flu or cold like symptoms. Later on is when the paralysis starts. Polio is beginning to lessen and go away. Now only three countries still have it, Nigeria, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. With at least one person in the world having polio, the whole world is still at risk. In 1988 one hundred twenty five countries had it. Now only three countries still have it.

What is Polio

Polio is a virus spread by infected food, water, or contact with an infected person's feces. Polio is mostly in areas with poor sanitation. There isn't a cure for Polio, but if you get the vaccination you can prevent it. it affects your central nervous system and breathing muscles. If your breathing muscles like your lungs are paralyzed they cant help you breath anymore. That is how so many lives are lost with Polio.

Non Paralytic Polio

Non Paralytic Polio is the kind of Polio that doesn't cause paralysis. The symptoms are headaches, pain or stiffness, mainly like a cold or flu.

Paralytic Polio

Paralytic Polio is the kind of Polio that does lead to paralysis. The symptoms are loss of reflexes, very severe muscle aches or weakness, and floppy and loose limbs. Paralytic Polio will also effect your breathing muscles. When your arms or legs are paralyzed, it is usually worse or more severe on one side of the body.

Post-Polio Syndrome

Post-Polio Syndrome is a kind of Polio that happens around 30 years after you have had Polio. The symptoms are progressive muscle or joint weakness and pain, fatigue or exhaustion, muscle atrophy, swallowing and breathing problems, and sleep related breathing disorders. Sometimes mood swings or depression will occur. If you had Non Paralytic Polio and you end up having Post-Polio Syndrome, paralysis will not occur. If you have had Paralytic Polio, Paralysis will not happen to you again. The only reason you would be paralyzed, would be if you had been paralyzed from a previous case of Polio.

Treatment

There is no cure for Polio so when you have it there aren't that many treatments. Some of the treatments there are include pain relievers, bed rest, and now there are some portable ventilators to help with breathing.

Prevention

There is no cure for Polio. The vaccine is really the only way to prevent it. The vaccine is ninety percent effective after two vaccinations and ninety-nine percent effective after three vaccinations. You are supposed to get the IPV, which is the Polio Vaccination, at two months, four months, six months, eight-teen months, and between four and six years old, The IPV was introduced to the world in 1955

Drinker Respirater

Because Phillip Drinker created the Iron Lung, it used to be called The Drinker Respirator. Since it was the first Iron Lung made, Drinker had to figure out a way to not harm the patients while trying to get them in the machine. He also had to make the machine comfortable for all ages and sizes. In 1927, The Iron Lung used to be made of wood.

What the Iron Lung Is

The Iron Lung is a metal chamber that helps you breathe if your breathing muscles are damaged.The machine has a bed that slides in and out for patients to lay on. This device was made in 1927 by Phillip Drinker. Polio sometimes effects you breathing muscles so Phillip Drinker decided to help with that. There is a hole in the front of the machine for the head to come out and a rubber seal to make it air tight. On some models, there is a mirror over where the head comes out. Polio patients only have to use the Iron Lung if their breathing muscles are paralyzed. Normally, patients only have to stay in the machine for about two weeks.

Bibliography

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