US Gains Mexican Land!

1848

Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo and the Mexican Cession

After a hard fought war, the United States has successfully defeated the Mexican army at San Jacinto. We forced Mexican President Santa Anna to surrender and sign the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo. The treaty officially ended the Mexican-American War on February 2, 1848. Mexico agreed to give up its Texas territory in exchange for $15 million offered by our President James K. Polk. This territory is called the Mexican Cession, and will be split into several new states that will be ready to enter the Union.

Political Dissent Over the New Land

The addition of new land sparked the question of the time: should the new states be free or slave states? Generally the rule was to accept new states according to the Missouri Compromise, with gradual emancipation. As American continues to grow, so does the continued debate of slavery.