Bosnia Conflict

About Bosnia

Bosnia is a compact state with an eastern capital. The limited access to the coast compels Bosnia to keep a good relationship with the bordering countries, Croatia and Montenegro.

Conflict Timeline

February 29th 1992- Bosnia and Herzegovina declare independence.

1993- The UN declares six safe zones for muslims: Sarajevo, Tuzla, Bihac, Srebrenica, Zepa and Gorazde.

February 18th, 1994- NATO shoots down four Serbian aircraft over Bosnia, intervening for the first time since the war began.

March 18th, 1994- Bosnian Muslims and Croats sign peace accords drawn up by the U.S.

January 1st 1995- Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter brokers peace agreement between Bosnian Serbs and Muslims. Truce holds well for about four months.

May 24th 1995- Serb forces refuse to remove heavy weapons from Sarajevo and as a result NATO launches an aircraft attack on Serb ammunition depot. In retaliation, Serbs begin attacking the Muslim safe zones designated by the UN.

July 11th 1995- Serbs seize Srebrenica , an estimated 8,000 Srebrenica men and boys are killed.

November 27th 1995- Former U.S. President Clinton asks for support in sending 20,000 American troops to Bosnia.

December 3rd 1995- Former U.S. President Clinton gives the official order to deploy American troops to Bosnia.

December 20th 1995- NATO takes over peacekeeping duties from UN.

The Bosnian Genocide and Sarajevo

Why did the Genocide begin?

In the aftermath of the Second World War, the Balkan states of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, Slovenia and Macedonia became part of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia. After the death of longtime Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito in 1980, growing nationalism among the different Yugoslav republics threatened to split their union apart

Overview of Conflict

-200, 000 deaths

-In April 1992, the government of the Yugoslav republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina declared its independence from Yugoslavia. Over the next several years, Bosnian Serb forces, with the backing of the Serb-dominated Yugoslav army, targeted both Bosnian (Bosnian Muslim) and Croatian civilians for crimes resulting in the deaths of some 100,000 people (80 percent Bosnian) by 1995. It was the worst act of genocide since the Nazi regime's destruction of some 6 million European Jews during World War II.

-Timeframe: April 6, 1992-December 14,1995.

-In the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina, conflict between the three main ethnic groups, the Serbs, Croats, and Muslims, resulted in genocide committed by the Serbs against the Muslims in Bosnia.

- Cause: Serbia set out to “ethnically cleanse” Bosnian territory by removing all Bosnian Muslims, known as Bosniaks. Serbia, together with ethnic Bosnian Serbs, attacked Bosniaks with former Yugoslavian military equipment and surrounded Sarajevo, the capital city. Many Bosniaks were driven into concentration camps, where women and girls were gang-raped and other civilians were tortured, starved and murdered.

-Wanted Independence.

Outside Influences

-In 1994, NATO initiated air strikes against Bosnian Serbs to stop the attacks.

-In December 1995, U.S.-led negotiations in Dayton, Ohio (The Dayton Peace Accords) ended the conflict in Bosnia.

Made by Isabelle Barton and Lauren Gallegos