Hypothyroidism

Guadalupe M, Daniela H, Dastany L

Overview

Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) is a condition in which your thyroid gland doesn't produce enough of certain important hormones.Women, especially those older than age 60, are more likely to have hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism upsets the normal balance of chemical reactions in your body.

Symptoms

· Fatigue


· Increased sensitivity to cold


· Dry skin


· Weight gain


· Puffy face


· Muscle weakness


· Elevated blood cholesterol level


· Muscle aches, tenderness and stiffness


· Pain, stiffness or swelling in your joints


· Thinning hair


· Slowed heart rate


· Depression

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Cause

There are two fairly common causes of hypothyroidism. The first is a result of previous (or currently ongoing) inflammation of the thyroid gland, which leaves a large percentage of the cells of the thyroid damaged (or dead) and incapable of producing sufficient hormone.

Treatment

  • Treatment consists of thyroid hormone replacement.