Exploring the Underground Railroad

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Underground Railroad” began in the 1830s when railroads were spreading across the country. Before long, railroad terms were also used to identify the people, hiding places, and runaway slaves on the Underground Railroad. Fugitives were referred to as “passengers” or “baggage.” A “conductor” guided slaves to safe places. “Stationmasters” hid slaves in their homes or “stations.”


Which direction is North

To know which direction is North, look for the birds flying North after the winter. Once you cross a great river, you will know it is Ohio, the border of the North and South.


Avoid Slave Catchers and Dogs

The fear of a dog can be overshadowed by hiding in a stream to cover your scent. Until the dog passes by or goes the other way.


Those who assisted Runaway Slaves

There will be people who will help you cross the river and lead you to a man that has helped many black be free. You will need to say sayings like,"I am a friend of a friend's". There are also whites who will assist you to freedom through Ohio to Cleveland.

Final Destination

The slaves in the South were going through the underground railroad and escaping the South to reach the North. The South allowed slavery and the North freed slaves. Many slaves traveled through the North until they reached Canada and other very Northern states and cities.


The Underground Railroad was a network of people who helped slaves escape to the Northern states of America and to Canada. The system was not run by any single organization or person but was made of locals who wanted to help the refugees. The "darkies" were considered people to all official state functions involving the performance of the song used in the Underground Railroad. The overseer was a man who was hired by the Plantation owners to manage the land and work process. They could whip the slaves and force them to work harder and controlled the process. The flogging is produced to be an unswerving determination to leave slavery or die on trying to go through the Underground Railroad. Most slaves lived in the seaboard states by emancipation, most slaves were living in the black belt. This is an enormous migration, forced migration of slaves from the upper to the lower South. The peculiar institution means "one's own" and its referring to something distinctive to or characteristic of a particular place of people. Denmark Vesey was a free black slave who lived in the Carolinas. He led a slave rebellion in Charleston in 1822. This slave rebellion was part of what led to the anxieties of the South especially in the South Carolina. Nat Turner was an African American slave who led a slave rebellion and it resulted int 60 white deaths.
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Port Huron, Montereal, Boston, Albany, Chicago, and more cities were popular for slave destinations.