First Battle of Bull Run

By: Anna, Sammie, Harrison and Conner

Who was attacked?

The Union army marched from Washington against the Confederate army,

Why was the Battle fought?

First Battle of Bull Run started when Union troops marched from Washington, D.C. to strike a Confederate force (along a small river known as Bull Run). After fighting while, the rebels were able to break the Union right flank, sending the Federals into a retreat towards Washington. The Confederate victory gave the South a surge of confidence and shocked many in the North, who realized the war would not be won as easily as they had hoped.

Objective of the BAttle

Significance of the Battle

Effects of Both Sides After the Battle

After the Confederate victory, they were very disorganized. The battle cost the Union soldiers around 3,000 casualties and the Confederates around 1,750. Many northerners expected a quick battle but later to find out it was a long conflict. Also, the "Southern Cross" design, a blue X with white stars on a red banner,, was created. The flag most commonly associated with the Confederacy. It was adopted as a battle flag.