Field Hockey in India

By: Hannah Bachrach

History of field hockey in India

India's national game of field hockey was introduced by the British army regiments when they occupied the country. Then, it became the Indians favorite sports game. During that time the London Hockey Association was formed and the rules of the game were standardized all around the world. The first hockey club was founded in 1885-86 in Calcutta, then a club in Mumbay and Punjab started. High profile hockey clubs even encouraged high school and university students to join, resulting in success.


Did You Know?

A long time ago in India, field hockey was a men's sport. Now it is played by both genders. In 1924 the International Hockey Federation was formed and three or so years later women Started playing for clubs/ teams and the International Federation of Woman's hockey was made.




India takes the gold!

After the sport got big in India, an Olympic team formed. The team played in the 1928 Amsterdam Games and took home their first Olympics gold medal without letting in a single goal. From 1928 to 1956 their team won six straight Olympic gold medals and lots of great players helped them win like Dhyan Chand who amazed the crowd with his great skills as well as other players named Balbir Signh, Dhanraj Pillay and Dili Tirkey. The Indian's winning streak came to an end when Pakistan defeated them in in the final game of the 1960 Rome Olympics. Even though they lost, their reputation of amazing records still stand strong.
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The Indian team at one of the Olympic games they won gold in.

Did You know?

The Indian team had 5 players with the same name, but were not related at all; Balbir Singh. The first Balbir played with the great Indian teams of 1948, 1952 and 1956. The other Balibir Singhs played with later Indian champions.

The Great Dhyan Chand

Dhyan Chand, one of the greatest field hockey players of all time was remembered for his goal scoring and his three Olympic gold metals in 1928, 1932 and 1936. India at thetime dominated the world at field hockey with Chand. He was also known as the "Wizard" because of her superb ball control. He had joined the Indian army in 1922 and became well known when he toured New Zeland with the army team in 1926. His final international game was in 1948 and overall as a international player he had scored 400 goals during his career. Even though he has long since passed, people still remember him as a legend in the world of field hockey.
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The field hockey legend, Dhyan Chand using reverse stick on the ball, against his opponents.

Work Cited

iloveindia.com. History of Hockey in India. http://www.iloveindia.com/sports/hockey/history.html


Britannica Encyclopedia. "Dhyan Chand"http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/105366/Dhyan-Chand 2013


Singh, Sarina et al Lonley planet: India, 2007


International Hockey Federation://www.fih.ch/en/fih/history. 2013