Soviet Labor Camps between 1917 and 1986
The Inside look of what Gulag truly was.
And fate made everybody equal
Outside the limits of the law
Son of a kulak or Red commander
Son of a priest or commissar...
Here classes were all equalized,
All men were brothers, camp mates all,
Branded as traitors everyone...
"By Right of Memory"
Gulag by Anne AppleBaum
Author Thesis"This is a history of the Gulag. By that, I mean that this is a history of the Soviet concentration camps: their origins in the Bolshevik Revolution, their development into a major part of the Soviet economy, their dismantling after Stalin's death. This is also a book about the legacy of Gulag: without question, the regimes and rituals found in the Soviet political and criminal prison camps of the 1970's 1980's evolved directly out of those created in an earlier era, and for that reason I felt that they belonged in the same volume."
Severnye Lagery Osobogo Naznacheniya- (SLON) "Northern camps of Special Significance"
Ekonomicheskaya kommercheskaya chast- Economic-Commercial Department
Kommersant- A Merchant with Large Hands whose Goal is to make a Profit
Kontslager- A Concentration Camp
Lagpunkts- Smaller Camp Units
Trudosposobnost- "Work Capability"
Kulaks- Wealthy Peasants
Gleaners- Peasant Women who picked up leftover Grain to Survive
Glavnoe Upravlenie Lagerei- (GULAG) Main Camp Administration [later to be a label for the entire system.]
Ispravitelno-trudovye lagerya- (ITL) "Corrective-Labor Camps" term for camps, Kontslager no longer used after April, 1930
Belomorkanal or Belomor- White Sea Canal
Konzentrationslager- German word for Concentration Camp
Vernichtungslager- Not really "Labor Camps" but rather Death Factories