Brain Cancer

By : Hayley Bostian

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What is Brain Cancer?

Brain cancer can affect children and adults, and usually are tumors (malignant or benign) that are growths of abnormal cells in the brain and spinal cord tissue. Malignant tumors usually grow quickly and spread to other parts of the brain, Benign tumors grow and press on other parts of the brain but rarely spread.

Symptoms

- persistent or severe headache

- difficulty walking, muscle weakness, problems with coordination, arms and legs weakness

- balance disorder, dizziness, fatigue, or vertigo

- nausea or vomiting

- pins and needles or reduced sensation of touch

- inability to speak or understand, mental confusion

- impaired voice, difficulty speaking

- blurred vision, personality change, seizures, or sleepiness

- in some cases there are no symptoms

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Causes

Primary brain tumors originate in the brain itself or in tissues close to it

Primary brain tumors begin when normal cells acquire errors (mutations) in their DNA

radiation to the head

HIV infection

environmental toxins

Prevention

There is no known way to prevent Brain Cancer

Treatment

Craniotomy

Chemotherapy

Radiation Therapy

Tomotherapy

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Diagnosing Brain Cancer

MRI

CT scan

PET scan

Cerebral Ateriogram

Lumbar Puncture or Spinal Tap

Myelogram

Statistics

-This year, an estimated 78,000 people will be diagnosed with primary tumors of the brain and central nervous system

-13,350 men and 10,420 women

-more than 4,000 children and teens will be diagnosed with a brain or central nervous system tumor this year

- There is an increased risk to develop brain cancer with increased age

- Those with a compromised immune system have an increased risk of developing it also

- Exposure to radiation especially at a young age can also increase the risk