Human Rights

Derechos Humanos

Rights And Obligations

Human rights include both rights and obligations. States assume obligations and duties under international law to respect, protect and fulfill human rights. The obligation to respect means that States must refrain from interfering with the enjoyment of human rights, or limit them. The obligation to protect requires States to prevent abuses of human rights against individuals and groups. The obligation to fulfill means that States must take positive action to facilitate the enjoyment of basic human rights. At the individual level, and we must enforce our human rights, we must also respect the human rights of others.

Remote History

One of the oldest documents that have been linked to human rights is the Cyrus Cylinder, which contains a statement by the Persian King Cyrus the Great after his conquest of Babylon in 539. C. It was discovered in 1879 and the UN in 1971 translated to all official languages. It can be framed in a Mesopotamian tradition centered on the figure of the righteous king, whose first known example is Urukagina king of Lagash, who reigned during XXIV century. C., and where possible to also emphasize Hammurabi of Babylon and its famous Code, dating from the eighteenth century. C. However, the Cyrus Cylinder has novel features, particularly with regard to religion. It has been positively assessed by its humanist sense and is even described as the first declaration of rights humanos.30 Many historians, however, believe that the term is alien to the historical context.


The Logo for Human Rights is the result of the international initiative driven by the same name in 2010. The aim of this initiative was to establish an internationally recognized logo to support the global movement for the defense of human rights.

Types Of Rights

In the study of human rights that have developed different classifications in order to determine the appropriate characteristics to each group, but not in order to establish hierarchy between them. The criteria for classifications have been of different kinds, political, historical. One of the classifications is what distinguishes three groups of human rights in generations and responds to the order of their appearance in history.

This internationally accepted classification is not the order of importance of human rights, since all human rights are interdependent and integral. According to this classification exists.

Reforma Constitucional en Materia de Derechos Humanos

All people, regardless of race or color, should enjoy basic human rights instead of being mistreated and discriminated against