By Alex Kurowski
There were six death camps. They were located in Chelmno, Belzec, Treblinka, Sobibor, Auschwitz, and Majdanek from December 1941 to January 1945. The full name is called extermination camps because the german not only killed the Jewish, gypsies, homosexuals and many others but exterminated them. Jews were brought to the death camps from Western Europe. Before being sent to these camps, millions died in ghettos, concentration camps, disease, labor and starvation. 1,700,00 million jews were murdered in the extermination camps.
- In charge of the extermination camps and concetration camps
- The first Reich leader of the SS Nazi party
- He was responsible for and creating the final solution
- Became in charge of the Dachu camp that Hitler gave him responsibility for the whole concentration system
- Lived from 1900-1945
- Was apart of the SS from 1929-1945.
what happened in these camps:
As the Jews arrived from the deportation trains, men, women and children were immediatly sent to the gas chambers. Carbon monoxide was released into closed chambers. They had to strip down and were crammed into the chamber. The Germans told the Jews that they were "taking a shower". They died from suffocation in minutes. After, the bodies were thrown into ovens and were cremated. It took a few hours and happened more than once a day. One in every fourth Jew that arrived at extermination camps were chosen for forced labor. The rest were brought directly to the gas chambers.
6,000 Jews were gassed each day. It was a fast and easy way to get rid of the Jews in large numbers.
Using the ovens was also a sufficient and easy way to remove the Jews in large numbers. When bodies were being burned in the crematorian, people were able to smell the burnings and see the ashes of the bodies.
how death camps and concentration camps were different:
Extermination camps were made for only one reason, to exterminate Jews. Concentration camps were used to punish instead of kill. In concentration camps, Jews had to work and do labor. The living conditions were horrible. Many starved and died of diseases while in death camps, Jews were murdered straight away. Auschwitz and Majdanek were originally concentraton camps. Both later turned to the most popular death camps.
This video shows Aushwitz, the most well known camp. It shows us the horror and agaony the Jewish had to face. While a lot of us have never been to Auschwitz, it was cool but emotional and impacting to see what it looked like and what it was like for the jewish people. Even though we didn't live during that time, it still gives us a feel of how awful it was.