Christian's Study Guide

By Christian Falcon

Poetic Terms

  • Personification-Giving a non-living thing human characteristics.

Example:A living piece of paper.

  • Simile-A comparison using "like" or "as."

Example:Teeth as clean as a plate straight out of the dishwasher.

  • Metaphor-A compaison not using "like" or "as."

Example:Her eyes are diamonds.

  • Hyperbole-Exageration of the truth.

Eample:I'm so hungry I could eat a horse.

  • Theme-The main idea and the authors message.

Literary non-fiction

Biography-A story about someones life written by someone else.

Autobiography-A story about someones life written by that person.

Memoir-A single story or a part of someones life.

Personal Narrative-A bit or small memory.

Diary-A book that is used to record daily events and experiences or a datebook.

Plot Elements

  • Plot elements-Cause, conflict, rising action, theme, setting, and characters are plot elements.
  • They're important because they keep the story exciting and in order.

Point of View

  • Point of View-Means the position someone is telling a story or experiencing something.

Tools of Reading

  • Inference- Inference is when you assume something, you infer things by assuming. Inferring is important because without it we would do a whole lot more work to try and find the the correct answer.
  • One of the three connections you can make with text is having experienced something exactly like it. Another one is to have read something else like the text that your reading. The last one is to have seen something exactly like it. It's important to think about connections so you can have a better understanding of what you just read.
  • A main idea is different from a summary because a main idea is the main part of a story, or the big idea that the author is trying to get across. A summary is about a third of the main idea and it only focuses on the big things, no extra detail to make it longer just the big thing.
  • The theme in fiction is the main idea in the un-real story and the authors message in the story. The difference between the theme and the main idea is the fact that theme is both the main idea and the authors message put together to make one, and the main idea is just the big part of the story.



Grammar

  • I have learrned pretty much everything you tought us about grammar this year.
  • Comparitive and superlative adjectives add an "est" to make it correct when your comparing two or more things.
  • Irregular verbs is one that does not take the "ed" of the ending for past simple and past participle forms. Some irregular verbs don't change; put, put, put unlike others that change alot; buy, bought, bought etc.
  • Prepositional phrases begin with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun. For example, "at home" is a prepositional phrase.
  • Simple and Compound Sentences(including comma use)- A simple sentence, can also be called an independent clause has a subject and a verb. A compound sentence has two independent clauses connected by a, "F.A.N.B.O.Y" which is short for, for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. Not the short sentences though a comma leads the fanboy in the short sentences.
  • In subject verb agreement your subjects and verbs have to agree, if not then you need to make them agree. Also the nouns add an, "s" to singular form, the verbs don't.

How is a story told in drama(or film/play)form different from other fiction?

  • The drama story is more exciting sense there is more action in it, but if it was just the plain old dumb storythan nobody would want to read that. Not if you have a story with some drama in it though because first the characters would do a whole bigger part in the story instead of just for example being a farmer who's in a drought and a miracle takes place and the farmer is able to grow his plants, anyways second the setting would be amazing. Then third the plot would be more suspense building, with an amazing story instead of a regular boring old story.