Animal Farm~Russian Revolution

by Karlo Gabriel

Czar Nicholas II

  • a poor leader at best, compared to western leaders
  • cruel - sometimes brutal with opponents
  • sometimes kind - hired students as spies to make money

Mr. Jones

  • irresponsible to his animals - lets them starve
  • sometimes cruel - beats animals with a whip
  • sometimes kind - mixes milk in animal mash

Karl Marx

  • invented Communism
  • "workers of the world unite", to take over government
  • dies before Russian Revolution

Old Major

  • taught Animalism
  • workers do the work, rich keep the money, animals revolt
  • dies before revolution

Leon Trotsky

  • other leader of "October Revolution"
  • pure communist, followed Marx
  • wanted to improve life for all in Russia
  • chased away by Lenin's KGB


  • young, smart, good speaker, idealistic
  • really wants to make life better for all
  • one of leaders of revolution
  • chased away into exile by Napoleon's dogs

Joseph Stalin

  • not a good speaker, not educated like Trotsky
  • same as Napoleon, didn't follow Marx's ideas
  • cared for power, killed all that opposed him
  • used KGB, allowed church, and propaganda


  • not a good speaker, not as clever like Snowball
  • cruel, brutal, selfish, devious, corrupt
  • his ambition is for power, killed opponents
  • used dogs, moses, and Squealer to control the animals

Lenin's propaganda dept

  • worked for Stalin to support his image
  • used any lie to convince the people to follow Stalin
  • benefited from the fact that education was controlled


  • big mouth, talks a lot
  • convinces animals to believe and follow Napoleon
  • changes and manipulates the commandments


  • not really police, but forced support for Stalin
  • used force, often killed entire families for disobedience
  • totally loyal, part of Lenin's power, even over army

The Dogs

  • a private army that used fear to force animals to work
  • killed or intimidated any opponent of Napoleon
  • another part of Napoleon's strategy to control the animals


  • Marx said "Opiate of the people" a lie
  • used to make people not complain and do their work
  • Religion was tolerated because people would work
  • Stalin knew religion would stop violent revolutions

Moses the Raven

  • tells animals about Sugar Candy mountain, Heaven, animals can go there if they work hard
  • Snowball and Major were against him they thought Heaven was a lie to make animals work
  • Napoleon let him stay because he taught animals to work and not complain

Selfish Peasants

  • some people didn't care about revolution
  • only though about themselves
  • went to other countries that offered more for them


  • was vain- loved her beauty and self
  • didn't think about the animal farm
  • went with anyone who gave her what she wanted

Dedicated Betrayed Peasants

  • people believed Stalin because he was "Communist"
  • many stayed loyal after it was obvious Stalin a tyrant
  • betrayed by Stalin who ignored and killed them


  • strong, hard working horse, believes in animal farm
  • "Napoleon is always right", "I must work harder"
  • gives his all, is betrayed by Napoleon, who sell him

Skeptical People

  • weren't sure revolution would change anything
  • realized that a crazy leader can call himself communist
  • knew that communism would't work with power hungry leaders


  • old, wise donkey who is suspicious of revolution
  • thinks "nothing ever changes", is right
  • his suspicions are true, about Boxer and sign changes


  • same
  • all people equal
  • government owns everything, people own government


  • no owners, no rich, but no poor
  • workers get a better life, all animals equal
  • everyone owns the farm

Russian Revolution

  • supposed to fix problems from Czar
  • life was even worse after long revolution
  • Stalin made Czar look like a nice guy

Animal Farm

  • it was supposed to make life better for all
  • life was worse at the end
  • the leaders became the same, or worse than, the other humans they rebelled against