Borneo Pygmy Elephant

Endangered Species

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Background Information

DNA evidence proved these elephants were isolated about 300,000 years ago from their cousins on mainland Asia and Sumatra. The pygmy elephants of Borneo are the smallest elephants in Asia. There are approximately 1,500 elephants their height is 8.2-9.8 ft.

Threats or Causes of Extinction/Endangerment.

Shrinking forests bring the elephants into more frequent contact with people,increasing human-elephant conflict in the region. New oil palm plantation in the area mean more human settlements, with some people setting illegal snares to catch small game. It is estimated that 20 percent of resident elephants have sustained injuries from these snares

Possible Courses of Action for Protection.

In 2005 WWF successfully attached satelite collars to five pygmy elephants in different herds in the Malaysian state of Sabah. The data has provided insight into the movement of these elephants and their use of the forests. The best hope for the long-term survival of Borneo's elephants lies in sustainable forest management for timber production, since elephants can survive and breed in natural forests that are selectively logged. WWF workes with plantaion managers and owners in key pygmy elephant habitat in an effort to create reforested wildlife corridors that allow elephants and other species to move freely between natural forests.

Works Cited

"Borneo Pygmy Elephant." WWF, n.d. Web. 9 Dec. 2015.