TROPICAL RAINFOREST

Shaista Tejani and Serena Bharia

Introduction

The tropical rainforest biome is a very warm and wet biome found near the Earth's equator. The combination of continual warmth and heavy moisture makes the tropical rainforest a suitable environment for many plants and animals. In fact, tropical rainforests are home to over half the world's species. About 1/4 of medicine we use comes from the plants in this biome!

CLIMATE

Video

PLANTS

Plant Adaptations

  1. Most leaves in this biome are drip tip leaves which means they have a drip tip that enables rain drops to to run off the leaves quickly. This adaptation is helpful so that fungus and bacteria don't grow on the plants.
  2. Some plants like Lianas, climb on other plans to reach sunlight. They keep their roots in the ground and climb high into the tree canopy to reach available sunlight.
  3. Buttresses, Prop, and Stilt roots give support and hold up plants in the shallow, wet soil.
  4. Most trees have thin, smooth bark because of the high humidity in a tropical rainforest. The thin bark also makes it hard for other plants to grow on its surface.
  5. Epiphytes are plants that grow on other plants to reach sunlight. They don't need soil structure for rooting, instead they rely on other plants for physical support. They are found on trunks, branches, and leaves of their hosts.

ANIMALS

Animal Adaptations

  1. Many animals of the tropical rainforest are use camouflage to avoid predators, or some use camouflage to hide in wait for their prey.
  2. Some animals such as Poison Dart Frogs have bright bold colors to serve as a warning for predators not to eat them and that "they will regret it".
  3. Since there are so many animals competing for food in this biome, some animals have adapted by learning to eat a particular food that is not eaten by any other animal. For example Parrots have really sturdy bills to crack nuts and dig our hidden food.
  4. Many animals in the tropical rainforest are adapted to being nocturnal, which means they feed at night while sleeping in the day. When they go hunting for food at night they have a reduced amount of competition for food.
  5. Animals like Spider Monkeys' are adapted to live in a certain area. This is a benefit because the ground floor and lower canopies of the rainforest are really crowded with many organisms competing for food. Spider monkeys live at the top of the tree canopy, and with their prehensile tail they can swing gracefully from tree to tree to get their food.

DID YOU KNOW????

The trees of a tropical rainforest are so densely packed that rain falling on the canopy can take as long as 10 minutes to reach the ground!!!!


1 out of 4 ingredients in our medicine is from rainforest plants!!!!


BATS are essential for the pollination of many tropical foods such as bananas and mangoes!!!!