Mining in Canada

One of Canada's Natural Resources


The act of extracting natural resources from a mine; a primary industry.

A Major Employer

  • Approximately 380,000 people across Canada are employed in the mining field
  • These employees earn the highest wage of all industrial sectors with the average of $110,000

Canadian Mining Facts

Mining Facts:

  • Computers, smartphones, cars, buses, buildings, furniture and almost everything else are created from the minerals and metals we mine.
  • We as human beings rely on mining to support our daily lives. Canada relies on mining to keep the economy booming with money.
  • Mining is one of Canada’s most important economic industry.
  • Canada is rich in geology, that it is one of the largest mining nations in the world producing more than 60 minerals and metals.

  • Canada ranks in the top five countries in the global production of 11 major minerals and metals:

    • First in potash

    • Second in uranium and cobalt

    • Third in aluminum and tungsten

    • Fourth in platinum group metals, sulphur and titanium

    • Fifth in nickel and diamonds

  • 57% of the world’s public mining companies are listed on the Toronto stock exchange

  • Mining companies in Canada were the first in the world to develop an externally-verified performance system for sustainable mining practices with the creation of MAC’s Towards Sustainable Mining initiative in 2004.

Economic Engine

  • Mining alone gained Canada's Gross Domestic Product in 2013 by $54 billion

  • The mining industry contributed for 19.6% of the value of Canadian exports in 2013.

  • Canada’s value of mineral production was nearly $43.6 billion in 2013.

  • The mining industry's payments to Canadian federal and provincial governments total $71 billion in taxes and royalties from 2003-2012


The map to the right shows most of Canada's mining locations.

Fun facts

  • Gold also known as an which comes from aurum which means shining dawn
  • Top mining companies combined generated 453 bn a year
  • Did you know diamonds should be one third of the retail price and if you buy a diamond and try to sell it you would get approximately one third.