Ebola

Mariam Qureshi, Maritza Quintas

BRIEF RECENT HISTORY

  • CDC announces outbreak in Guinea (86 suspected cases) and later raises warning to Level 3
  • American Aid worker in Liberia (Nancy Writebol) tests positive, later sent to Atlanta for treatment and released on August 19
  • Thomas Eric Duncan contracts the Ebola virus and later dies in Dallas, Texas.
  • Nina Pham and Amber Vinson (both nurses for Duncan) both test positive and are later released in late October 2014
  • Dr. Martin Salia becomes infected while in Sierra Leone and later dies.
  • A Nurse's aide in Spain contracts Ebola outside of Africa.
  • The World Health Organization declares an end to the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
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Updated News on West Africa

  • The number of people with Ebola has risen above 16,000 with the death toll from the outbreak reaching 7,000
  • Liberia has recorded the highest number of cases and deaths, but the rate of infection is slowing there.
  • The disease is now spreading fastest in Sierra Leone
  • An experimental vaccine has triggered promising immune responses in a preliminary trial suggested that it should protect against infection.
  • Trials of a device that can diagnose an Ebola infection within 15 minutes are about to start in Guinea. The test, which can analyze blood or saliva, is six times faster than those being used in West Africa.

CAUSES AND PREVENTION

Causes


  • NOT an airborne virus
  • Can only be spread through bodily fluids
  • Fluids may come directly from the infected patient or from surfaces that have been touched by the infected individual.
Prevention



  • AVOID direct contact with blood, saliva, vomit,urine, and other bodily fluids
  • AVOID contact with people who have been exposed to someone who may have the virus.
  • BE AWARE of the symptoms of the Ebola virus
  • If you think you may have the virus or have symptoms of the virus, CONTACT A HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY.

HOSPITAL PROCEDURES

  • ISOLATE the patient.
  • WEAR APPROPRIATE PPE (Personal Protective Equipment.
  • RESTRICT VISITORS.
  • AVOID aerosol-generating procedures.
  • IMPLEMENT environmental infection control measures.

QUESTIONAIRRE

  • Have you developed the following: fever, fatigue, headache, muscle pain, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, or unexplained bruising or bleeding?
  • Have you been to West Africa or Guinea in the past six months?
  • Have you been traveling using public transportation excessively in the past six months?
  • Have you been in contact with someone who has the symptoms in the first bullet?
  • Do you have the above symptoms and have attended a hospital that has housed an Ebola patient?

FOR NEW BULLETINS AND NEWS ABOUT EBOLA

CURRENT EBOLA TREATMENT CENTERS