Classifying the Colonies
By Max Johnston Furnish 2nd period
1. Jamestown was the first successful British Colony in North America. Started Britain's Colonization of America
2. Jamestown had awful living conditions.
· It was located in the Chesapeake Bay region of Virginia.
· Many diseases ex. Malaria
3. Jamestown was funded by the Virginia Company of London.
· Joint stock company (a company with many investors)
· Many investors putting in with less risk
4. House of Burgesses
· Government in Jamestown
· First legislature in NA colonies
5. The men who went to Jamestown were mainly youngest sons.
· They had nothing to inherent
· Brought no women so they kept having to bring people in
6. John Smith
· His leadership and rules saved the colony from
7. John Rolfe
· Discovers tobacco in NA
· After tobacco the colony expands
8. Indentured servants
· Voyage to NA was paid for
· A contract was signed so they would work for whoever paid for their voyage.
9. Settlers came in truly believing that there was gold everywhere. Gold was not as common as they believed it was.
10. 1619 was the first arrival of black workers from Africa arrived
· Start of Slavery
Massachusetts Bay colony
· The largest colony that was established in NA
2. Established by Massachusetts Bay Company
· A joint stock company
3. John Winthrop
· Governor of colony
· One of the founders of the Colony
4. Anne Hutchinson,
· Was banished from the colony because she didn't support predestination,
· Was influential about the growth of the colony.
· Women weren’t allowed to speak.
5. Fishing industry and one of the most influential colonies
6. Religion and education were valued high in this colony, the towns had churches and schools in the center.
7. The quality of life was better than Jamestown’s.
· There was a better climate
· A lot less disease
8. Roger Williams
· He went against the colonists there for fighting Native Americans and going against the Church of England.
· He was banished too.
9. Puritan men who owned land were the only ones allowed to vote in the colony.
10. The idea of revolution became bigger in 1629; Charles I dismissed parliament's support of the Massachusetts Bay Colony’s desire to be apart from the Church of England.
1.Founded in 1733
· Last of 13 colonies
2. Founded by James Oglethorpe
· Member of Parliament and a prison reformer.
3. The colonists here were determined to keep slavery out, but this failed in 1750 when there was slavery found.
4. It’s main reason for being founded was to be a buffer between the French Louisiana and Spanish Florida. It received money from England for defenses.
5. Due to James Oglethorpe's dislike for debtor’s prisons, Georgia became a haven for debtors that were thrown in prison. They were granted a second chance in America.
6. James Oglethorpe gave the colonists freedom of religion to all the religions except for Catholicism.
7. In Savannah during 1735, John Wesley came as a missionary to preach and convert the colonists, debtors, and Native Americans.
8. After Oglethorpe left back to England, his ban on alcohol and slavery was quickly removed.
9. After the change of government, Georgia’s population rapidly increased to about 50,000 by the time of the revolution.
10. Georgia was named after King George II, who granted the charter for 21 years allowing the colony to be established.
1.Founded by William Penn
· Was a Quaker
· A haven for Quakers
2. The charter was given to Penn in 1681, and the colony was established.
3. The colony was made up of pacifists, the Quakers. They disapproved of slavery, military action, and violence with the Native Americans.
4. Philadelphia was the main city in Pennsylvania
5. Pennsylvania had similar climate and soil to its neighboring colonies like New Jersey, New York, and Delaware.
6. The colony had a representative government
· Elected by the landowners in the colony
7. Grain was the biggest export
· This supplied their economy
· Along with corn and dairy
· Shipbuilding and the textile industry
9. Benjamin Franklin
· Very influential
· Brought in many new ideas
10. Many of the settlers were “religious outcasts” that were kicked out of other colonies and accepted by the Quakers.
1. Royal charter granted to George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, in 1632
2. A proprietary colony
· Distributed land to relatives
- Upper class was in power
3.Toleration Act of 1649
- Religious freedom (except Jews)
- Appointed a protestant governor
4. Calvert Government
- Very similar to English Rule
- House of delegates
5. Tobacco was a huge export
- Used indentured servants then slaves
6. Even though it had religious freedoms Maryland was a haven for Catholics
7. North part of Chesapeake Bay
· Better area less disease and better climate
8. Was a safe place for Catholics that were being persecuted
· Colony wasn’t for only protestants
9. The number of Protestants threatened the rights of the Catholics
10. Much like a feudal society